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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 29 All these findings suggest that: First, across culture high ICA is a public enemy that we must eliminate; second, across culture there were differences in ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies according to the levels of ICA, that is, ICA is an important factor in determining how an individual manages intercultural conflict situations across culture; third, reducing ICA may contribute to building more constructive and productive intercultural conflict management across culture. This study, as the first study involving ICA and ICMS, attempted to expand our understanding of the phenomenon of ICA and cross-cultural ICMS. That is, this study tried to enlarge the boundaries of CA study and intercultural conflict study by examining ICA, by showing different ICMS between two different cultures, and by comparing the influence of ICA on ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies between two different cultures. Although as the results of this study showed that there were significant differences in the relationships of ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies between two different cultures and ICA is an important factor affecting ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies across culture, the findings of this study further suggested that besides ICA, there may be some other important factors, influencing ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies such as shyness, silence, and face. Further studies are encouraged to investigate those other factors in the cross- cultural relationships between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
29
All these findings suggest that: First, across culture high ICA is a public enemy
that we must eliminate; second, across culture there were differences in ICMS and
assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies according to the levels of ICA, that is, ICA is an
important factor in determining how an individual manages intercultural conflict
situations across culture; third, reducing ICA may contribute to building more
constructive and productive intercultural conflict management across culture.
This study, as the first study involving ICA and ICMS, attempted to expand our
understanding of the phenomenon of ICA and cross-cultural ICMS. That is, this study
tried to enlarge the boundaries of CA study and intercultural conflict study by examining
ICA, by showing different ICMS between two different cultures, and by comparing the
influence of ICA on ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies between two
different cultures. Although as the results of this study showed that there were significant
differences in the relationships of ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness
tendencies between two different cultures and ICA is an important factor affecting ICMS
and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies across culture, the findings of this study
further suggested that besides ICA, there may be some other important factors,
influencing ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies such as shyness, silence,
and face. Further studies are encouraged to investigate those other factors in the cross-
cultural relationships between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies.


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