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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 8 Japanese communication apprehension and cross-cultural differences in the level of communication apprehension between Japan and America. The findings of their study suggested that communication apprehension is a world phenomenon across the boundaries of culture and nationality. According to their findings, the level of communication apprehension of Japanese college students is higher than that of American college students, and comparing to relatively fixed levels of American students’ communication apprehension, the level of communication apprehension of Japanese students have steadily increased, particularly involving classroom communication fear, as their school years rise up. Similarly, in the study of investigating the effect of culture on communication apprehension and argumentativeness between U.S., Hawaiian and Korean college students, Kim and her colleagues (2001) found that Korean students have higher level of communication apprehension across meeting, group and interpersonal situations than have U.S. students. Other studies have examined communication apprehension with various cultures within the United States. For instance, involving public speaking anxiety, Martini, Behnke, and King (1992) found that American audiences regarded Asian speakers as having more speech anxiety than American speakers, although Asian speakers did not report higher anxiety level. Similarly, Johnson and Lindsey (2001) compared communication competence in initial interaction between Anglo American, Hispanic American, Chilean, Mexican and Spanish Americans. They found that while Hispanic and Anglo Americans have high communication competence, the other groups showed consistently different communication competence from Anglo American culture.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
8
Japanese communication apprehension and cross-cultural differences in the level of
communication apprehension between Japan and America. The findings of their study
suggested that communication apprehension is a world phenomenon across the
boundaries of culture and nationality. According to their findings, the level of
communication apprehension of Japanese college students is higher than that of
American college students, and comparing to relatively fixed levels of American
students’ communication apprehension, the level of communication apprehension of
Japanese students have steadily increased, particularly involving classroom
communication fear, as their school years rise up. Similarly, in the study of investigating
the effect of culture on communication apprehension and argumentativeness between
U.S., Hawaiian and Korean college students, Kim and her colleagues (2001) found that
Korean students have higher level of communication apprehension across meeting, group
and interpersonal situations than have U.S. students.
Other studies have examined communication apprehension with various cultures
within the United States. For instance, involving public speaking anxiety, Martini,
Behnke, and King (1992) found that American audiences regarded Asian speakers as
having more speech anxiety than American speakers, although Asian speakers did not
report higher anxiety level. Similarly, Johnson and Lindsey (2001) compared
communication competence in initial interaction between Anglo American, Hispanic
American, Chilean, Mexican and Spanish Americans. They found that while Hispanic
and Anglo Americans have high communication competence, the other groups showed
consistently different communication competence from Anglo American culture.


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