All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A content analysis of news coverage of skin cancer prevention and detection, 1979-2002
Unformatted Document Text:  Skin cancer news coverage 7 proposed that simple use of sunscreen during childhood could decrease the lifetime incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer by 78% (Stern, Weinstein, & Baker, 1986) . A guiding principle in cancer screening is that tumors found earlier are easier to treat and less likely to cause mortality or significant morbidity. The probability of a squamous cell carcinoma recurring, metastasizing, or resulting in mortality is directly related to its size (Rowe et. Al, 1993). Patients whose squamous cell carcinomas are found before they become large will have a better prognosis. Melanomas, if caught early through screening, are 100% cured by surgical removal with no possibility of metastasis. Warning signs for melanoma pertain to moles or pigmented lesions. The ABCDs are a pneumonic device developed by the American Academy of Dermatology for self-detection of melanoma, and include: 1) asymmetry; 2) border irregularity; 3) color variation; and 4) diameter larger than a pencil eraser. Screening of at-risk individuals by self-exam, by a physician, or by a dermatologist has the potential to catch earlier lesions saving individuals from morbidity and mortality associated with these cancers. As a primary source for health information, the news media could be a powerful tool for skin cancer prevention and detection education, ultimately affecting skin cancer incidence in the United States. While there is no longitudinal data available in the United States on primary and secondary skin cancer prevention, the most recent research reports the need for stronger prevention and screening efforts. A recent national survey of youth ages 11-18 revealed that 72% reported having at least one summer sunburn (Davis, Cokkinides, Weinstock, O’Connell, & Wingo, 2002) . Ten percent of youth and 8% of their parents reported using indoor tanning sunlamps in the past year (Cokkinides, Weinstock, O’Connell, & Thun, 2002) . Few adults from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey reported that they were very likely to perform sun-protective behaviors: 23% were very likely to wear protective

Authors: Stryker, Jo. and Solky, Benjamin.
first   previous   Page 7 of 26   next   last



background image
Skin cancer news coverage
7
proposed that simple use of sunscreen during childhood could decrease the lifetime incidence
of nonmelanoma skin cancer by 78%
(Stern, Weinstein, & Baker, 1986)
.
A guiding principle in cancer screening is that tumors found earlier are easier to treat
and less likely to cause mortality or significant morbidity. The probability of a squamous cell
carcinoma recurring, metastasizing, or resulting in mortality is directly related to its size (Rowe
et. Al, 1993). Patients whose squamous cell carcinomas are found before they become large will
have a better prognosis. Melanomas, if caught early through screening, are 100% cured by
surgical removal with no possibility of metastasis. Warning signs for melanoma pertain to
moles or pigmented lesions. The ABCDs are a pneumonic device developed by the American
Academy of Dermatology for self-detection of melanoma, and include: 1) asymmetry; 2) border
irregularity; 3) color variation; and 4) diameter larger than a pencil eraser. Screening of at-risk
individuals by self-exam, by a physician, or by a dermatologist has the potential to catch earlier
lesions saving individuals from morbidity and mortality associated with these cancers.
As a primary source for health information, the news media could be a powerful tool for
skin cancer prevention and detection education, ultimately affecting skin cancer incidence in the
United States. While there is no longitudinal data available in the United States on primary and
secondary skin cancer prevention, the most recent research reports the need for stronger
prevention and screening efforts. A recent national survey of youth ages 11-18 revealed that
72% reported having at least one summer sunburn
(Davis, Cokkinides, Weinstock,
O’Connell, & Wingo, 2002)
. Ten percent of youth and 8% of their parents reported using
indoor tanning sunlamps in the past year
(Cokkinides, Weinstock, O’Connell, & Thun,
2002)
. Few adults from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey reported that they were
very likely to perform sun-protective behaviors: 23% were very likely to wear protective


Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 7 of 26   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.