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Frontier Compliance: A Communication System Emerging in Cyberspace
Unformatted Document Text:  9 even more popular and powerful in the West. As a means of establishing and preserving self-interests, vigilantism was quite effective, especially in mining camps. Membership in a vigilante committee often reached several hundred, but few people knew the identities of these self-appointed members. The vigilantes often acted hastily, without due process, vaunting for its quickness and cheapness. A vigilante hanging was once praised in a newspaper for saving at least five to six thousand dollars (Lewis, 1996, p. 266). Punishment was generally carried out soon after the verdict and appeals were rarely allowed in the proceedings. A man might be hanged within minutes or hours after sentence was passed. Sometimes circumstances did not allow an opportunity for appeal as in the following example: In 1834 a man in Iowa territory killed a companion, apparently without provocation. It was decided to try him, though the participants in the trial were not empowered by any law to do so. The defendant was found guilty, and the date for his execution was set. In an effort to obtain a pardon, friends sent a petition to the governor of Missouri (Iowa had been part of the original Missouri Territory), but the governor replied that he had no authority to act and suggested that they write President Andrew Jackson. President Jackson replied that since the laws of the United States had not yet been extended to Iowa he was powerless to act and suggested that the pardoning power rested with those who had passed the sentence. The murderer was hanged. (Wilson, 1960, p. 8-9, cited in Rosa, p. 55) Some vigilantes, in their desire to meet out justice but unwilling to wait for the due process of law, broke into jails, hauled prisoners away, and hanged them (Rosa, 25). Thus the attempts for self-governance were made for the sake of speed, easiness, and convenience of some members of the community. And these attempts resulted in a very closed, constrained system of compliance lacking a due process and opportunity of appeals, which had significant consequences for the Western life. UDRP as an Alternative Dispute Resolution System Law was limited in cyberspace as well. It is difficult to enforce existing laws, and especially regarding the ownership of names and spaces of cyberspace, there are no

Authors: Woo, Jisuk.
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even more popular and powerful in the West.
As a means of establishing and preserving self-interests, vigilantism was quite
effective, especially in mining camps. Membership in a vigilante committee often
reached several hundred, but few people knew the identities of these self-appointed
members. The vigilantes often acted hastily, without due process, vaunting for its
quickness and cheapness. A vigilante hanging was once praised in a newspaper for
saving at least five to six thousand dollars (Lewis, 1996, p. 266). Punishment was
generally carried out soon after the verdict and appeals were rarely allowed in the
proceedings. A man might be hanged within minutes or hours after sentence was passed.
Sometimes circumstances did not allow an opportunity for appeal as in the following
example:
In 1834 a man in Iowa territory killed a companion,
apparently without provocation. It was decided to try him,
though the participants in the trial were not empowered by
any law to do so. The defendant was found guilty, and the
date for his execution was set. In an effort to obtain a pardon,
friends sent a petition to the governor of Missouri (Iowa had
been part of the original Missouri Territory), but the governor
replied that he had no authority to act and suggested that they
write President Andrew Jackson. President Jackson replied
that since the laws of the United States had not yet been
extended to Iowa he was powerless to act and suggested that
the pardoning power rested with those who had passed the
sentence. The murderer was hanged. (Wilson, 1960, p. 8-9,
cited in Rosa, p. 55)
Some vigilantes, in their desire to meet out justice but unwilling to wait for the
due process of law, broke into jails, hauled prisoners away, and hanged them (Rosa, 25).
Thus the attempts for self-governance were made for the sake of speed,
easiness, and convenience of some members of the community. And these attempts
resulted in a very closed, constrained system of compliance lacking a due process and
opportunity of appeals, which had significant consequences for the Western life.
UDRP as an Alternative Dispute Resolution System
Law was limited in cyberspace as well. It is difficult to enforce existing laws,
and especially regarding the ownership of names and spaces of cyberspace, there are no


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