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Framing Public Discussion of Gay Civil Unions
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing Public Discussion 36 Table 1. Means of Observed Expression Measures, by Frame and Group Type Group-level Expression Frame manipulation N Statement Arguments Valenced Statements Count Pro Con Direction Positive Negative Mixed Civil unions for gay couples Conservative 8 21.75 3.00 5.38 -6.75 3.38 10.13 8.25 (11.27) (2.83) (2.67) (5.31) (2.13) (4.73) (7.70) Heterogeneous 10 15.30 2.70 5.50 -5.70 2.90 8.60 3.80 (7.54) (2.67) (4.33) (7.92) (3.60) (5.70) (3.71) Liberal 9 9.33 2.22 1.67 0.11 3.11 3.00 3.22 (5.17) (1.39) (1.32) (3.10) (2.42) (2.06) (2.64) Total 27 15.22 2.63 4.19 -4.07 3.11 7.19 4.93 (9.34) (2.31) (3.50) (6.44) (2.75) (5.30) (5.27) Marriage for homosexuals Conservative 10 14.50 1.00 5.60 -6.90 1.30 8.20 5.00 (6.02) (1.25) (3.41) (5.59) (1.25) (4.71) (2.54) Heterogeneous 9 14.78 2.78 3.22 -2.11 3.56 5.67 5.56 (6.85) (2.54) (2.44) (4.28) (2.07) (4.27) (2.55) Liberal 8 16.00 4.38 1.38 1.25 5.25 4.00 6.75 (4.00) (1.41) (1.30) (6.48) (3.37) (3.93) (3.20) Total 27 15.04 2.59 3.56 -2.89 3.22 6.11 5.70 (5.63) (2.24) (3.07) (6.28) (2.76) (4.53) (2.74) Grand Total 54 15.13 2.61 3.87 -3.48 3.17 6.65 5.31 (7.64) (2.25) (3.27) (6.33) (2.73) (4.91) (4.18) Notes. Table entries are means; SDs are shown in parentheses. N denotes the number of groups in that condition.

Authors: Price, Vincent., Nir, Lilach. and Cappella, Joseph.
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Framing Public Discussion
36
Table 1. Means of Observed Expression Measures, by Frame and Group Type
Group-level Expression
Frame manipulation
N
Statement
Arguments
Valenced Statements
Count
Pro
Con
Direction
Positive
Negative
Mixed
Civil unions for gay couples
Conservative
8
21.75
3.00
5.38
-6.75
3.38
10.13
8.25
(11.27)
(2.83)
(2.67)
(5.31)
(2.13)
(4.73)
(7.70)
Heterogeneous
10
15.30
2.70
5.50
-5.70
2.90
8.60
3.80
(7.54)
(2.67)
(4.33)
(7.92)
(3.60)
(5.70)
(3.71)
Liberal
9
9.33
2.22
1.67
0.11
3.11
3.00
3.22
(5.17)
(1.39)
(1.32)
(3.10)
(2.42)
(2.06)
(2.64)
Total
27
15.22
2.63
4.19
-4.07
3.11
7.19
4.93
(9.34)
(2.31)
(3.50)
(6.44)
(2.75)
(5.30)
(5.27)
Marriage for homosexuals
Conservative
10
14.50
1.00
5.60
-6.90
1.30
8.20
5.00
(6.02)
(1.25)
(3.41)
(5.59)
(1.25)
(4.71)
(2.54)
Heterogeneous
9
14.78
2.78
3.22
-2.11
3.56
5.67
5.56
(6.85)
(2.54)
(2.44)
(4.28)
(2.07)
(4.27)
(2.55)
Liberal
8
16.00
4.38
1.38
1.25
5.25
4.00
6.75
(4.00)
(1.41)
(1.30)
(6.48)
(3.37)
(3.93)
(3.20)
Total
27
15.04
2.59
3.56
-2.89
3.22
6.11
5.70
(5.63)
(2.24)
(3.07)
(6.28)
(2.76)
(4.53)
(2.74)
Grand Total
54
15.13
2.61
3.87
-3.48
3.17
6.65
5.31
(7.64)
(2.25)
(3.27)
(6.33)
(2.73)
(4.91)
(4.18)
Notes. Table entries are means; SDs are shown in parentheses. N denotes the number of groups in that condition.


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