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Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU 10 the internal validity of the study and to be able to, with more confidence, to ascribe differences in the findings to our experimental manipulation. Procedure. The study was carried out over seven weekdays in spring of 2002. Participants were told that they participated in a project conducted by the Communications Department at the University of CITY. Upon arrival, participants were randomly assigned to either of the two conditions. 7 Participants first completed a pre-test questionnaire containing demographics, political interest, involvement and ideological preferences, political efficacy, news media use, and knowledge about the EU. Next, participants were exposed to a television news story that either framed the enlargement of the EU in an advantageous or disadvantageous manner. Participants sat in a semicircle of chairs around a table approximately three meters in front of television screen to watch one of the experimental news stories. Subsequent to the exposure to the news, participants completed a post-test questionnaire probing participants for their opinions about EU matters. Furthermore, questions were asked concerning participants’ opinion about the euro and about security issues. These were not expected to be affected by the experimental manipulation. Questionnaires were completed on computers in individually assigned cubicles. Upon completion of the final questionnaire participants were debriefed and received financial compensation. The entire procedure lasted about 30 to 40 minutes. Sample. A total of 207 first-year students, 81 men and 126 women, served as volunteer research participants. The students were recruited from a broad range of departments of the University of CITY and the University of CITY. They received a small financial compensation for participation ( € 8, -). Students were tested in mixed gender groups, which varied in size from two to eight students. Stimulus material. The experimental material consisted of two stories taken from original television news broadcasts. Both stories were aired during the EU summit in December 2000 and dealt with political-institutional consequences of the proposed Treaty of Nice to prepare for the enlargement of the EU. 8 The news stories about the EU summit were aired by two different national Dutch broadcasters: NOS and RTL4. The length of the stories was 4 minutes 35 seconds and 4 minutes 50 seconds respectively. Both stories dealt with the political-institutional consequences of the EU enlargement procedure and featured an

Authors: De Vreese, Claes. and Boomgaarden, Hajo.
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RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
10
the internal validity of the study and to be able to, with more confidence, to ascribe differences
in the findings to our experimental manipulation.
Procedure. The study was carried out over seven weekdays in spring of 2002.
Participants were told that they participated in a project conducted by the Communications
Department at the University of CITY. Upon arrival, participants were randomly assigned to
either of the two conditions.
7
Participants first completed a pre-test questionnaire containing
demographics, political interest, involvement and ideological preferences, political efficacy,
news media use, and knowledge about the EU. Next, participants were exposed to a
television news story that either framed the enlargement of the EU in an advantageous or
disadvantageous manner. Participants sat in a semicircle of chairs around a table
approximately three meters in front of television screen to watch one of the experimental
news stories. Subsequent to the exposure to the news, participants completed a post-test
questionnaire probing participants for their opinions about EU matters. Furthermore,
questions were asked concerning participants’ opinion about the euro and about security
issues. These were not expected to be affected by the experimental manipulation.
Questionnaires were completed on computers in individually assigned cubicles. Upon
completion of the final questionnaire participants were debriefed and received financial
compensation. The entire procedure lasted about 30 to 40 minutes.
Sample. A total of 207 first-year students, 81 men and 126 women, served as
volunteer research participants. The students were recruited from a broad range of
departments of the University of CITY and the University of CITY. They received a small
financial compensation for participation (
€ 8,
-). Students were tested in mixed gender groups,
which varied in size from two to eight students.
Stimulus material. The experimental material consisted of two stories taken from
original television news broadcasts. Both stories were aired during the EU summit in
December 2000 and dealt with political-institutional consequences of the proposed Treaty of
Nice to prepare for the enlargement of the EU.
8
The news stories about the EU summit were
aired by two different national Dutch broadcasters: NOS and RTL4. The length of the stories
was 4 minutes 35 seconds and 4 minutes 50 seconds respectively. Both stories dealt with the
political-institutional consequences of the EU enlargement procedure and featured an


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