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Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU 11 introduction by the anchor, video footage of the summit with reporter’s voice over, figures explaining the purpose of the summit (e.g. composition of the EU commission, voting power of member states, and the use of the veto right), and a cross-talk between the anchor in the news studio and the EU-correspondent. One of the stories included additional footage providing background information about the EU. While many features of the stories were similar, the stories differed in tone of evaluation of the consequences of the summit which constituted the experimental manipulation. The disadvantageous evaluation of consequences was broadcast by RTL4. It specifically emphasized the fact that the Dutch government was hardly able to influence the results of the summit, which lead to the establishment of the Treaty of Nice with unfavorable features for the Netherlands. 9 To emphasize the ‘failures’ of the Dutch delegation, the story featured a visualization in which the words ‘veto’ and ‘voting power’ were crossed out with a big red cross. In the dialogue between anchor and correspondent, these issues again were presented as having disadvantageous effects. The outcomes of the summit were described as being a lean and poor accord, reflecting on the EU as not being able to reach agreements in order to prepare for enlargement. The advantageous evaluation of consequences was broadcast by the NOS. Here, the enlargement procedure of the EU and the necessary institutional changes were portrayed as being largely advantageous for the future of the Union. The transformations in decision- making, including voting power and the use of the veto, were mainly seen as necessary preliminary steps towards the broader goal of establishing peace, security and prosperity on the European continent. 10 Measures General support for the EU. Participants’ general support for the European Union was measured by means of five items on 7-point scales, ranging from ‘fully disagree’ to ‘fully agree’: (1) Membership of the Netherlands in the EU is a good thing; (2) The Netherlands benefit from membership in the European Union; (3) I personally benefit from Dutch membership in the EU; (4) The EU is important for my professional future; (5) Membership in

Authors: De Vreese, Claes. and Boomgaarden, Hajo.
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RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
11
introduction by the anchor, video footage of the summit with reporter’s voice over, figures
explaining the purpose of the summit (e.g. composition of the EU commission, voting power
of member states, and the use of the veto right), and a cross-talk between the anchor in the
news studio and the EU-correspondent. One of the stories included additional footage
providing background information about the EU. While many features of the stories were
similar, the stories differed in tone of evaluation of the consequences of the summit which
constituted the experimental manipulation.
The disadvantageous evaluation of consequences was broadcast by RTL4. It
specifically emphasized the fact that the Dutch government was hardly able to influence the
results of the summit, which lead to the establishment of the Treaty of Nice with unfavorable
features for the Netherlands.
9
To emphasize the ‘failures’ of the Dutch delegation, the story
featured a visualization in which the words ‘veto’ and ‘voting power’ were crossed out with a
big red cross. In the dialogue between anchor and correspondent, these issues again were
presented as having disadvantageous effects. The outcomes of the summit were described
as being a lean and poor accord, reflecting on the EU as not being able to reach agreements
in order to prepare for enlargement.
The advantageous evaluation of consequences was broadcast by the NOS. Here, the
enlargement procedure of the EU and the necessary institutional changes were portrayed as
being largely advantageous for the future of the Union. The transformations in decision-
making, including voting power and the use of the veto, were mainly seen as necessary
preliminary steps towards the broader goal of establishing peace, security and prosperity on
the European continent.
10
Measures
General support for the EU. Participants’ general support for the European Union
was measured by means of five items on 7-point scales, ranging from ‘fully disagree’ to ‘fully
agree’: (1) Membership of the Netherlands in the EU is a good thing; (2) The Netherlands
benefit from membership in the European Union; (3) I personally benefit from Dutch
membership in the EU; (4) The EU is important for my professional future; (5) Membership in


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