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Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU 13 Results The visibility of news about the European Union measured as the number of stories was, on average, 10% of all the news during the period. Of the 717 news stories coded in both newspapers and television news 72 items were related to the EU. Of these 72 items, 60 dealt directly with the EU summit in Nice. Appendix A summarizes the visibility of the news coverage in the different news outlets and countries. There were no discernable differences in the visibility of the summit between the three countries. There were considerable differences, however, in visibility between the different media outlets. By and large, serious outlets covered the EU summit more extensively than their more sensationalistic counterparts. Using the length measure for television news (see Appendix A) it was found that, on average, public service broadcasting stations devoted a comparable amount of time to news about the EU in the period of analysis (between 19% and 22%). Commercial broadcasters spent a smaller proportion of time on this issue (13% to 21%) which confirms Hypothesis 1. Framing of EU news The analysis of the frames used in the different media outlets to report the EU summit showed that, in general, this issue was predominantly framed in terms of political-institutional consequences, regardless of medium, outlet, or country in which the story appeared. The other frames focusing on consequences were not used frequently. Multi-item scales for each frame were constructed by adding the scores for each item and divide this by the total number of items. For reasons of clarity in the data presentation each story was classified as containing one frame. ----------- Table 1 ----------- As shown in Table 1, 75% (n=45) of all items about the summit were framed in terms of political-institutional consequences while 7% (n=4) was framed in terms of economic consequences and 18% (n=11) in terms of social-cultural consequences. For each of the three frames, the valence was assessed, that is whether the consequences were portrayed

Authors: De Vreese, Claes. and Boomgaarden, Hajo.
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RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
13
Results
The visibility of news about the European Union measured as the number of stories
was, on average, 10% of all the news during the period. Of the 717 news stories coded in
both newspapers and television news 72 items were related to the EU. Of these 72 items, 60
dealt directly with the EU summit in Nice. Appendix A summarizes the visibility of the news
coverage in the different news outlets and countries. There were no discernable differences in
the visibility of the summit between the three countries. There were considerable differences,
however, in visibility between the different media outlets. By and large, serious outlets
covered the EU summit more extensively than their more sensationalistic counterparts. Using
the length measure for television news (see Appendix A) it was found that, on average, public
service broadcasting stations devoted a comparable amount of time to news about the EU in
the period of analysis (between 19% and 22%). Commercial broadcasters spent a smaller
proportion of time on this issue (13% to 21%) which confirms Hypothesis 1.
Framing of EU news
The analysis of the frames used in the different media outlets to report the EU summit
showed that, in general, this issue was predominantly framed in terms of political-institutional
consequences, regardless of medium, outlet, or country in which the story appeared. The
other frames focusing on consequences were not used frequently. Multi-item scales for each
frame were constructed by adding the scores for each item and divide this by the total number
of items. For reasons of clarity in the data presentation each story was classified as
containing one frame.
-----------
Table 1
-----------
As shown in Table 1, 75% (n=45) of all items about the summit were framed in terms
of political-institutional consequences while 7% (n=4) was framed in terms of economic
consequences and 18% (n=11) in terms of social-cultural consequences. For each of the
three frames, the valence was assessed, that is whether the consequences were portrayed


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