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Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU 14 as being advantageous or disadvantageous. Overall, 27% (n=16) of the items portrayed the consequences neutrally, whereas 52% (n=31) focused on disadvantageous consequences. The remaining 22% (n=13) of the items portrayed consequences as being advantageous. The findings did not suggest any structural differences between countries or outlet types in terms of the valence of the news frames. In other words, the content analysis suggested a fairly homogeneous framing and valence of the coverage of the summit in the three countries and 12 news outlets. Effects on support for the EU and EU enlargement Turning to the results from the experiment, we found that participants in the advantageous condition were more supportive (M = 5.02, SD = .78) compared to participants in the disadvantageous condition (M = 4.61, SD = .92) in their general support for the EU. In addition they were more supportive of the enlargement (M = 4.30, SD = .88) than participants exposed to the disadvantageous story (M = 4.06, SD = .87). This confirms hypotheses 2a and 2b with a significant between-condition difference in the expected direction. 13 ------------- TABLE 2 ------------- To test for the simultaneous influence of political efficacy, political knowledge, and exposure to either positive or negative news about the summit, a regression model was tested. As Table 2 shows the effects of the control variables were significant in the expected direction. Political knowledge and political efficacy both contributed to support for the EU and for the enlargement. The main effect of exposure to advantageous news was still significant and the most powerful predictor after adjustment for the control variables. Evaluation of the EU The open-ended question concerning thoughts about the EU was coded for the presence of positive, neutral, and negative thoughts. Participants in the advantageous condition on average listed more positive statements (M = 1.36, SD = 1.38) compared to participants in the disadvantageous category (M = .53, SD = .83). Conversely, participants in

Authors: De Vreese, Claes. and Boomgaarden, Hajo.
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RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
14
as being advantageous or disadvantageous. Overall, 27% (n=16) of the items portrayed the
consequences neutrally, whereas 52% (n=31) focused on disadvantageous consequences.
The remaining 22% (n=13) of the items portrayed consequences as being advantageous. The
findings did not suggest any structural differences between countries or outlet types in terms
of the valence of the news frames. In other words, the content analysis suggested a fairly
homogeneous framing and valence of the coverage of the summit in the three countries and
12 news outlets.
Effects on support for the EU and EU enlargement
Turning to the results from the experiment, we found that participants in the
advantageous condition were more supportive (M = 5.02, SD = .78) compared to participants
in the disadvantageous condition (M = 4.61, SD = .92) in their general support for the EU. In
addition they were more supportive of the enlargement (M = 4.30, SD = .88) than participants
exposed to the disadvantageous story (M = 4.06, SD = .87). This confirms hypotheses 2a and
2b with a significant between-condition difference in the expected direction.
13
-------------
TABLE 2
-------------
To test for the simultaneous influence of political efficacy, political knowledge, and
exposure to either positive or negative news about the summit, a regression model was
tested. As Table 2 shows the effects of the control variables were significant in the expected
direction. Political knowledge and political efficacy both contributed to support for the EU and
for the enlargement. The main effect of exposure to advantageous news was still significant
and the most powerful predictor after adjustment for the control variables.
Evaluation of the EU
The open-ended question concerning thoughts about the EU was coded for the
presence of positive, neutral, and negative thoughts. Participants in the advantageous
condition on average listed more positive statements (M = 1.36, SD = 1.38) compared to
participants in the disadvantageous category (M = .53, SD = .83). Conversely, participants in


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