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Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
Unformatted Document Text:  RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU 8 public support for European integration in general and EU enlargement in particular which may affect the valence of news frames. Outlet sample. The analysis includes national newspapers and television news as these are the key resources for political information (Eurobarometer, 56, 2002). Two newspapers from each of the three different countries were included: The Times and Sun (Britain), Süddeutsche Zeitung and Bild (Germany), de Volkskrant and Telegraaf (the Netherlands). These newspapers all have high circulation rates in their particular countries. Moreover, with this sample both ‘serious’/ broadsheet and ‘ sensationalist ’ / tabloid outlets are included. For each paper, the front-page was analyzed to identify articles dealing with the EU summit in Nice. Two main evening television news programs from each country were included in the analysis: BBC News and ITV News (Britain), Tagesschau and RTL Aktuell (Germany), NOS Journaal and RTL4 Nieuws (the Netherlands). These news shows are the most widely viewed in each country. For each country one public broadcasting and one commercial newscast was included. Each news program was analyzed in its entirety (excluding commercial breaks, sports news, and the weather forecast). Period of study. The content analysis was conducted over a period of eight days from December 5 – 12, 2000. This includes both the summit and the surrounding days. A total of 48 news programs and 42 newspaper front-pages was analyzed which included 193 newspaper articles and a total of 524 television news stories. 3 Coding procedure. Coding was conducted by one coder with German and Dutch as native language and fluency in English. The reliability will be assessed by double-coding a randomly selected sample of material (pending; will be added). The unit of analysis and of coding was the distinct news story, defined for print as at least ten lines (thus excluding headlines and bullets). Measures Visibility of EU news. All news stories were coded for dealing with the EU or not. 4 Further, it was coded whether the stories explicitly dealt with the Nice summit. The number of stories was counted. For television news, the length of the stories (in seconds) was measured for reasons of comparability as the programs differed in length and some opted for few,

Authors: De Vreese, Claes. and Boomgaarden, Hajo.
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RUNNING HEAD: Valenced news frames and public support for the EU
8
public support for European integration in general and EU enlargement in particular which
may affect the valence of news frames.
Outlet sample. The analysis includes national newspapers and television news as
these are the key resources for political information (Eurobarometer, 56, 2002). Two
newspapers from each of the three different countries were included: The Times and Sun
(Britain), Süddeutsche Zeitung and Bild (Germany), de Volkskrant and Telegraaf (the
Netherlands). These newspapers all have high circulation rates in their particular countries.
Moreover, with this sample both ‘serious’/ broadsheet and
sensationalist
/ tabloid outlets are
included. For each paper, the front-page was analyzed to identify articles dealing with the EU
summit in Nice. Two main evening television news programs from each country were included
in the analysis: BBC News and ITV News (Britain), Tagesschau and RTL Aktuell (Germany),
NOS Journaal and RTL4 Nieuws (the Netherlands). These news shows are the most widely
viewed in each country. For each country one public broadcasting and one commercial
newscast was included. Each news program was analyzed in its entirety (excluding
commercial breaks, sports news, and the weather forecast).
Period of study. The content analysis was conducted over a period of eight days
from December 5 – 12, 2000. This includes both the summit and the surrounding days. A total
of 48 news programs and 42 newspaper front-pages was analyzed which included 193
newspaper articles and a total of 524 television news stories.
3
Coding procedure. Coding was conducted by one coder with German and Dutch as
native language and fluency in English. The reliability will be assessed by double-coding a
randomly selected sample of material (pending; will be added). The unit of analysis and of
coding was the distinct news story, defined for print as at least ten lines (thus excluding
headlines and bullets).
Measures
Visibility of EU news. All news stories were coded for dealing with the EU or not.
4
Further, it was coded whether the stories explicitly dealt with the Nice summit. The number of
stories was counted. For television news, the length of the stories (in seconds) was measured
for reasons of comparability as the programs differed in length and some opted for few,


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