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Accounting Episodes as Communicative Practice Affecting Cultural Knowledge
Unformatted Document Text:  17 Yoko recognized the importance of confrontation as a turning point in the relational development. In the following excerpt, however, she stated that in reality she would not confront others when she had a problematic event with “Americans.” Excerpt 7 #14(Yoko) pp. 8-10 I don’t argue a lot. For example, if I have something with my roommate [who is American] and I feel she is the one to be blamed. Because she is good in English and Americans are good in making an excuse or justifying themselves. Especially when they are fluent in English. So whatever I say, well I would not say anything but, I give up. When they justify themselves, they don’t feel sorry for others. Even when Yoko felt that her roommate was “the one to be blamed,” she gave up on expressing how she felt because she perceived that her English was not good whereas her roommate was “good” and “fluent in English.” As a result of not confronting others, Yoko’s image of “Americans” as “good in making an excuse or justifying themselves” and not feeling “sorry for others” would stay as it was before problematic events. The boundary that she had perceived between “Americans” and herself would not be affected. Yoko and Hiroko were not the only ones who stated that they tended not to confront others in problematic situations with Americans. The following excerpt by Mayumi, a 19-year-old freshman who had been in the United States for a year, also supports this observation. Excerpt 8 #J15(Mayumi) p. 24 I: From what you have said so far, it sounds like when you got angry or feel someone is to be blamed, you are more likely to be silent and say nothing to that

Authors: Kotani, Mariko.
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17
Yoko recognized the importance of confrontation as a
turning point in the relational development. In the following
excerpt, however, she stated that in reality she would not
confront others when she had a problematic event with
“Americans.”
Excerpt 7 #14(Yoko) pp. 8-10
I don’t argue a lot. For example, if I have something
with my roommate [who is American] and I feel she is
the one to be blamed. Because she is good in English
and Americans are good in making an excuse or
justifying themselves. Especially when they are
fluent in English. So whatever I say, well I would not
say anything but, I give up. When they justify
themselves, they don’t feel sorry for others.
Even when Yoko felt that her roommate was “the one to be
blamed,” she gave up on expressing how she felt because she
perceived that her English was not good whereas her roommate
was “good” and “fluent in English.” As a result of not
confronting others, Yoko’s image of “Americans” as “good in
making an excuse or justifying themselves” and not feeling
“sorry for others” would stay as it was before problematic
events. The boundary that she had perceived between “Americans”
and herself would not be affected.
Yoko and Hiroko were not the only ones who stated that they
tended not to confront others in problematic situations with
Americans. The following excerpt by Mayumi, a 19-year-old
freshman who had been in the United States for a year, also
supports this observation.
Excerpt 8 #J15(Mayumi) p. 24
I: From what you have said so far, it sounds like when
you got angry or feel someone is to be blamed, you
are more likely to be silent and say nothing to that


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