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Accounting Episodes as Communicative Practice Affecting Cultural Knowledge
Unformatted Document Text:  3 Following this idea, it can be assumed that one’s cultural knowledge is not only acquired but also modified as a result of his or her interactive experiences with members of different speech communities. In this view, it has been discussed that the boundaries of speech communities are not fixed but rather are considered fluid because they are defined by the sharing of the knowledge. Moerman, though he talks about ethnicity and identity rather than speech community, states that “ethnicity--in its boundaries, its content, and its organization--is not in any place nor for any people fixed and stable. Rather than a thing-like entity, ethnicity is a network of interacting social and historical processes” (1993, p. 88). What he says about ethnicity can be applied to speech community. Moerman further argues that “social interaction is the overwhelmingly preponderant locus and form in which culture and society are learned, enforced, enacted, and manipulated” (1993, p. 90). If social interaction is the place in which culture is learned and modified, what do specific communicative practices look like where participants’ cultural knowledge is affected? In this paper I describe accounting episodes involving members of different speech communities as such communicative practice. I analyze concrete accounting episodes described by Japanese speakers in the Unite States in the in-depth interviews with them. Method

Authors: Kotani, Mariko.
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3
Following this idea, it can be assumed that one’s cultural
knowledge is not only acquired but also modified as a result
of his or her interactive experiences with members of different
speech communities. In this view, it has been discussed that
the boundaries of speech communities are not fixed but rather
are considered fluid because they are defined by the sharing
of the knowledge. Moerman, though he talks about ethnicity and
identity rather than speech community, states that
“ethnicity--in its boundaries, its content, and its
organization--is not in any place nor for any people fixed and
stable. Rather than a thing-like entity, ethnicity is a network
of interacting social and historical processes” (1993, p. 88).
What he says about ethnicity can be applied to speech community.
Moerman further argues that “social interaction is the
overwhelmingly preponderant locus and form in which culture and
society are learned, enforced, enacted, and manipulated” (1993,
p. 90).
If social interaction is the place in which culture is
learned and modified, what do specific communicative practices
look like where participants’ cultural knowledge is affected?
In this paper I describe accounting episodes involving members
of different speech communities as such communicative practice.
I analyze concrete accounting episodes described by Japanese
speakers in the Unite States in the in-depth interviews with
them.
Method


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