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Accounting Episodes as Communicative Practice Affecting Cultural Knowledge
Unformatted Document Text:  4 Over a four-month period, I conducted in-depth interviews with 15 Japanese-speaking informants who had come temporarily from Japan to study at area universities in a large U.S. city. At the time of the interviews, the informants’ lengths of stay in the United States ranged from one to six years. All interviews were conducted in Japanese, their native language; each interview lasted about two hours. In the interviews, I asked the informants to recall episodes in which they had had problematic interpersonal events with English speakers (See Appendix for Interview Schedule). The questions were open ended and unstructured to maximize the informants’ freedom to remember and describe their experiences in detail (Denzin, 1989). I transcribed all the audiotaped interviews and compiled about 300 pages of transcripts in Japanese. I conducted inductive analyses of the transcripts on the basis of the question: What do accounting episodes look like where informants attempted to deal with problematic events with English speakers? Later, I translated the significant parts of the Japanese transcripts into English. Analysis I offer analyses of two kinds of episodes related by the informants: When informants engaged in accounting episodes and when they chose not to. Engaging in Accounting Episodes Hitomi, a 24-year-old senior who had been in the United States for 3 years and 2 months, described an episode in which she had had an argument with her American boyfriend. She said

Authors: Kotani, Mariko.
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4
Over a four-month period, I conducted in-depth interviews
with 15 Japanese-speaking informants who had come temporarily
from Japan to study at area universities in a large U.S. city.
At the time of the interviews, the informants’ lengths of stay
in the United States ranged from one to six years. All
interviews were conducted in Japanese, their native language;
each interview lasted about two hours.
In the interviews, I asked the informants to recall
episodes in which they had had problematic interpersonal events
with English speakers (See Appendix for Interview Schedule).
The questions were open ended and unstructured to maximize the
informants’ freedom to remember and describe their experiences
in detail (Denzin, 1989). I transcribed all the audiotaped
interviews and compiled about 300 pages of transcripts in
Japanese. I conducted inductive analyses of the transcripts on
the basis of the question: What do accounting episodes look like
where informants attempted to deal with problematic events with
English speakers? Later, I translated the significant parts of
the Japanese transcripts into English.
Analysis
I offer analyses of two kinds of episodes related by the
informants: When informants engaged in accounting episodes and
when they chose not to.
Engaging in Accounting Episodes
Hitomi, a 24-year-old senior who had been in the United
States for 3 years and 2 months, described an episode in which
she had had an argument with her American boyfriend. She said


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