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Framing Problems in Crisis Negotiation: Reframing in the Case of Waco
Unformatted Document Text:  Reframing in the Waco Negotiations 12 recontextualization involves shifts across related conversations. As Linell points out, quoted speech or reported speech inherently employs inter-textual recontextualization. Inter-discursive recontextualization occurs at a more global level, concerning relationships between discourse types or genres. This level or recontextualization takes on a Foucauldian notion of discourse which would describe a discourse as a culturally specific way of talking with a particular institution, tradition, profession, or period of time (Gee, 1999; van Dijk, 1997). An example of this is Scheuer’s (2001) analysis of communication styles in job interviews. He showed that in their interviews, successful job applicants recontextualized the discourse of “school life” into a discourse of “job-relevant activities.” In this analysis, I use the label “lexical recontextualization” to focus on the transfer and transformation of specific words used in interaction. In Linell’s (1998) terms, intra- and inter- textual recontextualization most apply. 3 In the following excerpt, Koresh recontextualizes the negotiators’ words in three consecutive topics. The conversation from which this excerpt was taken took place on the third day of the standoff, about two hours after Koresh first decided not to come out of the compound. The negotiator, Henry Garcia, has been talking about Koresh’s coming out as an opportunity to make an important statement to the public. Excerpt 1 – Day 3 – tape 21 – lines 561-574 (HG: Henry Garcia & DK: David Koresh) HG: For God's sakes [don't let this opportunity (.) go: 561 DK: [We will be coming we alright look 562 HG: Seize it for God's sake [seize it. 563 DK: [For six thousand years I've waited for this 564 opportunity. Now here's what I'm trying to say. It is written aforetime 565 [when 566 HG: [Don't talk to me about the scriptures. Not that I don't like to listen to you 567 I do. Honestly I do. I like to listen to you but I have to explain to my 568

Authors: Agne, Robert.
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Reframing in the Waco Negotiations 12
recontextualization involves shifts across related conversations. As Linell points out, quoted
speech or reported speech inherently employs inter-textual recontextualization. Inter-discursive
recontextualization occurs at a more global level, concerning relationships between discourse
types or genres. This level or recontextualization takes on a Foucauldian notion of discourse
which would describe a discourse as a culturally specific way of talking with a particular
institution, tradition, profession, or period of time (Gee, 1999; van Dijk, 1997). An example of
this is Scheuer’s (2001) analysis of communication styles in job interviews. He showed that in
their interviews, successful job applicants recontextualized the discourse of “school life” into a
discourse of “job-relevant activities.”
In this analysis, I use the label “lexical recontextualization” to focus on the transfer and
transformation of specific words used in interaction. In Linell’s (1998) terms, intra- and inter-
textual recontextualization most apply.
3
In the following excerpt, Koresh recontextualizes the negotiators’ words in three
consecutive topics. The conversation from which this excerpt was taken took place on the third
day of the standoff, about two hours after Koresh first decided not to come out of the compound.
The negotiator, Henry Garcia, has been talking about Koresh’s coming out as an opportunity to
make an important statement to the public.
Excerpt 1 – Day 3 – tape 21 – lines 561-574 (HG: Henry Garcia & DK: David Koresh)
HG:
For God's sakes [don't let this opportunity (.) go:
561
DK:
[We will be coming we alright look
562
HG: Seize it for God's sake [seize it.
563
DK:
[For six thousand years I've waited for this
564
opportunity. Now here's what I'm trying to say. It is written aforetime
565
[when
566
HG:
[Don't talk to me about the scriptures. Not that I don't like to listen to you
567
I do. Honestly I do. I like to listen to you but I have to explain to my
568


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