All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Factors of Culture Adaptation and Adaptation States in a Multicultural Organization
Unformatted Document Text:  Cultural Adaptation Factors and States 13 researchers and respondents discussed specific semantic and syntactic ambiguity of the statements. The translators and back-translators were all present at the pilot section. The original questionnaire was revised to reduce ambiguity and to reword questions to eliminate differences between the translations and back-translations. The questionnaire was finally and carefully revised to reflect feedback from the pilot section and to not change the original meaning of the concepts. The study utilizes a newly developed scale exclusively for this study. We constructed three items under each concept – four factors and four states - and used them as variables. A Likert-type scale was used with “5” representing “strongly agree” with the statement item and “1” indicating “strongly disagree.” Reliability tests show rather strong alpha values on all items. With the exception of “time,” we used all other variables as designed. In determining time, we included three items: (a) length of time in contact with the second culture, (b) number of contacts with people of the second culture, and (c) number of people in the second culture you consider friends. This was done with consideration that some people may have lived or been exposed to the second culture for long without being in actual contact with the people of that culture. However, the three items were measured in different types of data. For example, contact with culture is nominal data (i.e., 1-3 months, etc.) and contact with people is in categorical data (i.e., once a week, rarely, etc.). Therefore, we elected to use the length of time being in contact with the second culture to represent the variable. Please see Appendix for the complete questionnaire (p. 34). Because this is a newly developed scale, we first ran a test of reliability coefficients for the seven items (time is measured by actual number). Results of the test

Authors: Zhong, Mei. and Lee, Suman.
first   previous   Page 13 of 37   next   last



background image
Cultural Adaptation Factors and States
13
researchers and respondents discussed specific semantic and syntactic ambiguity of the
statements. The translators and back-translators were all present at the pilot section. The
original questionnaire was revised to reduce ambiguity and to reword questions to
eliminate differences between the translations and back-translations. The questionnaire
was finally and carefully revised to reflect feedback from the pilot section and to not
change the original meaning of the concepts.
The study utilizes a newly developed scale exclusively for this study. We
constructed three items under each concept – four factors and four states - and used them
as variables. A Likert-type scale was used with “5” representing “strongly agree” with the
statement item and “1” indicating “strongly disagree.” Reliability tests show rather strong
alpha values on all items. With the exception of “time,” we used all other variables as
designed. In determining time, we included three items: (a) length of time in contact with
the second culture, (b) number of contacts with people of the second culture, and (c)
number of people in the second culture you consider friends. This was done with
consideration that some people may have lived or been exposed to the second culture for
long without being in actual contact with the people of that culture. However, the three
items were measured in different types of data. For example, contact with culture is
nominal data (i.e., 1-3 months, etc.) and contact with people is in categorical data (i.e.,
once a week, rarely, etc.). Therefore, we elected to use the length of time being in contact
with the second culture to represent the variable. Please see Appendix for the complete
questionnaire (p. 34).
Because this is a newly developed scale, we first ran a test of reliability
coefficients for the seven items (time is measured by actual number). Results of the test


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 13 of 37   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.