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Factors of Culture Adaptation and Adaptation States in a Multicultural Organization
Unformatted Document Text:  Cultural Adaptation Factors and States 22 cultural environment. All scores for Mexicans appear to be lower than Koreans, perhaps due to a lower awareness of a cultural adaptation process. Expectation and anticipation state are strongly positively correlated for both cultures (.53 for Koreans and .40 for Mexicans). We believe these two groups consistently showing a high score on this correlation is because the two variables are more coherent with each other. Again, Koreans are slightly higher perhaps due to the stronger sense of cultural learning indicators in the items. Our initial understanding of the variable of expectation is whether one has realistic or unrealistic expectations in the new culture. Based on Zhong’s (1996) study, unrealistically high expectations can lead to negative perceptions of one’s adaptation experiences, while setting realistic expectations about the second culture can help ease the process and eliminate the sharp ups and downs. While our items for expectation are to be successful at work, make friends with the other culture, and learn about the culture, it is possible that participates interpret the items as desires to learn. Given this, it makes sense that Koreans report a lower correlation between expectation and the peak stage (.32) because they set higher goals for learning about the culture, rather than Mexicans (.36) who may aim at specific job satisfactions only. The correlation between expectation and valley stage are insignificant for both groups. However, both show a tendency for negative association. Mexicans report a moderate (.24) correlation between expectation and the smooth stage while Koreans show no significance. If the assumption that Mexicans are basing their report on expectation of the job success more than culture learning, then it makes

Authors: Zhong, Mei. and Lee, Suman.
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Cultural Adaptation Factors and States
22
cultural environment. All scores for Mexicans appear to be lower than Koreans, perhaps
due to a lower awareness of a cultural adaptation process.
Expectation and anticipation state are strongly positively correlated for both
cultures (.53 for Koreans and .40 for Mexicans). We believe these two groups
consistently showing a high score on this correlation is because the two variables are
more coherent with each other. Again, Koreans are slightly higher perhaps due to the
stronger sense of cultural learning indicators in the items.
Our initial understanding of the variable of expectation is whether one has
realistic or unrealistic expectations in the new culture. Based on Zhong’s (1996) study,
unrealistically high expectations can lead to negative perceptions of one’s adaptation
experiences, while setting realistic expectations about the second culture can help ease
the process and eliminate the sharp ups and downs. While our items for expectation are to
be successful at work, make friends with the other culture, and learn about the culture, it
is possible that participates interpret the items as desires to learn. Given this, it makes
sense that Koreans report a lower correlation between expectation and the peak stage
(.32) because they set higher goals for learning about the culture, rather than Mexicans
(.36) who may aim at specific job satisfactions only.
The correlation between expectation and valley stage are insignificant for both
groups. However, both show a tendency for negative association.
Mexicans report a moderate (.24) correlation between expectation and the smooth
stage while Koreans show no significance. If the assumption that Mexicans are basing
their report on expectation of the job success more than culture learning, then it makes


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