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Relational Models and Horizontal & Vertical Individualism-Collectivism:

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Abstract:

Several researchers (i.e., Singelis, Triandis, Bhawuk, & Gelfand,1995; Triandis & Gelfand, 1998) have suggested that the cultural variables of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism correspond to Fiske’s (1991, 1992, 1993) relational models of collectivism, authority ranking, equality matching, and market pricing. This claim was tested in a cross-cultural comparison between American and Singaporean respondents’ use of relational models in two different relationships: friendships and acquaintanceships. Results provide evidence for an association of horizontal collectivism with communal sharing, vertical collectivism with authority ranking, horizontal individualism with equality matching, and vertical individualism with market pricing. In addition, results showed that for Americans, there are no differences between friendships and acquaintances in regard to relational model use, whereas for Singaporeans, these two relationships are qualitatively very different. Implications of these findings for the study of interpersonal and intercultural communication are discussed.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

cultur (161), relationship (119), relat (118), model (109), individu (79), american (61), interperson (49), use (47), collectiv (47), singaporean (46), differ (44), cs (40), one (39), type (37), correl (36), em (36), vertic (35), triandi (34), horizont (33), mp (32), friendship (32),

Author's Keywords:

relational models, horizontal & vertical individualism & collectivism, intimacy, nature vs. nurture
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Association:
Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111867_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Koerner, Ascan. "Relational Models and Horizontal & Vertical Individualism-Collectivism:" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111867_index.html>

APA Citation:

Koerner, A. F. , 2003-05-27 "Relational Models and Horizontal & Vertical Individualism-Collectivism:" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111867_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Several researchers (i.e., Singelis, Triandis, Bhawuk, & Gelfand,1995; Triandis & Gelfand, 1998) have suggested that the cultural variables of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism correspond to Fiske’s (1991, 1992, 1993) relational models of collectivism, authority ranking, equality matching, and market pricing. This claim was tested in a cross-cultural comparison between American and Singaporean respondents’ use of relational models in two different relationships: friendships and acquaintanceships. Results provide evidence for an association of horizontal collectivism with communal sharing, vertical collectivism with authority ranking, horizontal individualism with equality matching, and vertical individualism with market pricing. In addition, results showed that for Americans, there are no differences between friendships and acquaintances in regard to relational model use, whereas for Singaporeans, these two relationships are qualitatively very different. Implications of these findings for the study of interpersonal and intercultural communication are discussed.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 32
Word count: 7425
Text sample:
Relational Models 1 A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Relational Model Use in Interpersonal Relationships of American and Singaporean College Students Of all human behaviors none are more important in defining a given culture than those enacted in interpersonal relationships. It is primarily in interpersonal relationships where a culture’s values and beliefs are enacted reinforced and sanctioned. It is in the interpersonal relationships children have with their families and peers where they are socialized to become members of their native culture
EM Means 2.5 MP Friendship Acquanitance Relationship Type Singaporeans 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 CS 3.5 AR 3.0 Means EM 2.5 MP Friendship Acquaintance Relationship Type


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