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Relational Models and Horizontal & Vertical Individualism-Collectivism:
Unformatted Document Text:  Relational Models 20 HI with EM, and VI with MP. It is important to note, however, that these associations are very general. As this study has also shown, the role relational models play in relationships vary not only between cultures, but also between different types of interpersonal relationships. Furthermore, cultural types are not only associated with the use of particular relational models in interpersonal relationships, but also with their suppression. For example, results showed that HC was negatively correlated to MP for both Americans and Singaporeans, and with AR for Americans. The hypothesis that culture and relational models are correlated was supported by the data, even though many of the specific hypotheses regarding these correlations were not supported. One reason that hypotheses were not supported was that they were originally made on the assumption that Americans would identify themselves as belonging into a HI culture, and Singaporeans as belonging to a VC culture. As results showed, at least in this study, Americans endorsed HI and HC equally highly as describing their culture. Correspondingly, they used the relational models associated with these culture types (CS and EM, respectively) most frequently in their interpersonal relationships. Singaporeans in this study endorsed HI as describing their culture best. Correspondingly, for acquaintanceships, they identified EM as the most important relational model. For friendships, however, they identified CS as most important. This is consistent with the notion that culture is important in determining less intimate interpersonal relationships than more intimate relationships. The finding that for Americans friendships and acquaintanceships are very similar in regard to relational models whereas for Singaporeans there are qualitative differences between friendships and acquaintanceships in regard to relational models is consistent with

Authors: Koerner, Ascan.
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Relational Models
20
HI with EM, and VI with MP. It is important to note, however, that these associations are
very general. As this study has also shown, the role relational models play in relationships
vary not only between cultures, but also between different types of interpersonal
relationships. Furthermore, cultural types are not only associated with the use of particular
relational models in interpersonal relationships, but also with their suppression. For
example, results showed that HC was negatively correlated to MP for both Americans and
Singaporeans, and with AR for Americans.
The hypothesis that culture and relational models are correlated was supported by the
data, even though many of the specific hypotheses regarding these correlations were not
supported. One reason that hypotheses were not supported was that they were originally
made on the assumption that Americans would identify themselves as belonging into a HI
culture, and Singaporeans as belonging to a VC culture. As results showed, at least in this
study, Americans endorsed HI and HC equally highly as describing their culture.
Correspondingly, they used the relational models associated with these culture types (CS
and EM, respectively) most frequently in their interpersonal relationships. Singaporeans in
this study endorsed HI as describing their culture best. Correspondingly, for
acquaintanceships, they identified EM as the most important relational model. For
friendships, however, they identified CS as most important. This is consistent with the
notion that culture is important in determining less intimate interpersonal relationships
than more intimate relationships.
The finding that for Americans friendships and acquaintanceships are very similar in
regard to relational models whereas for Singaporeans there are qualitative differences
between friendships and acquaintanceships in regard to relational models is consistent with


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