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A general process model of the gender-linked language effect: Antecedents for and consequences of language used by men and women
Unformatted Document Text:  General Process Model of the GLLE 20 relatively general and accordingly are neither inverse nor direct; and the relationships are more complex. Regarding the first point, empirical evidence is used to establish the plausibility of the constructs comprising the causal process, but the relationships between and among the constructs are hypothetical (compare Blalock, 1969). Considering the second point, the general relationships can suggest hypotheses that specify direct or inverse relationships 2 and these hypotheses potentially constitute new knowledge (Bradac et al., 1980). And the relative complexity is simply a function of the number of constructs employed. Thus, the abstract representation: SI 2 Æ PC s Æ GLS s Æ GLB s Æ (+) PC h Æ GLS h Æ J h Æ B h yields 21 logically compelled theorems, displayed in Table 1(a). Since B h can be a type of situational input to the speaker (SI 2 ), additional theorems can be generated (the “B h ” theorems). Also, if J h Æ B h (from the abstract representation of the causal chain) and B h Æ GLB s (Table 1b), then J h Æ GLB s (T30), which describes a kind of Pygmalion effect (Rosenthal, 2002; Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968; White & Locke, 2000) for gender-linked language: A hearer’s judgments can affect the language behavior of a speaker. This is a new theorem produced by the intersection of the “B h ” theorems and the axioms. There are 21 of these (see Table 1c). More generally, if B h is a situational input to the speaker, then the causal chain becomes a causal circle, which indicates a higher degree of interaction among the elements. However, as is often the case when exploiting a logical machine, some of the relationships compelled are not highly meaningful (to us, at least) when the macro-variables (situational inputs, gender-linked language schemata and stereotypes, and so forth) are considered concretely. Thus, the general hypothesis that situational inputs are causally related to the production of gender-linked language behavior (SI 2 Æ GLS s ; T1, 4) is plausible but less

Authors: Mulac, Anthony., Bradac, James. and Palomares, Nicholas.
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General Process Model of the GLLE
20
relatively general and accordingly are neither inverse nor direct; and the relationships are more
complex. Regarding the first point, empirical evidence is used to establish the plausibility of the
constructs comprising the causal process, but the relationships between and among the constructs
are hypothetical (compare Blalock, 1969). Considering the second point, the general
relationships can suggest hypotheses that specify direct or inverse relationships
2
and these
hypotheses potentially constitute new knowledge (Bradac et al., 1980). And the relative
complexity is simply a function of the number of constructs employed.
Thus, the abstract representation:
SI
2
Æ PC
s
Æ GLS
s
Æ GLB
s
Æ (+) PC
h
Æ GLS
h
Æ J
h
Æ B
h
yields 21 logically compelled theorems, displayed in Table 1(a). Since B
h
can be a type of
situational input to the speaker (SI
2
), additional theorems can be generated (the “B
h
” theorems).
Also, if J
h
Æ B
h
(from the abstract representation of the causal chain) and B
h
Æ GLB
s
(Table
1b), then J
h
Æ GLB
s
(T30), which describes a kind of Pygmalion effect (Rosenthal, 2002;
Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968; White & Locke, 2000) for gender-linked language: A hearer’s
judgments can affect the language behavior of a speaker. This is a new theorem produced by the
intersection of the “B
h
” theorems and the axioms. There are 21 of these (see Table 1c). More
generally, if B
h
is a situational input to the speaker, then the causal chain becomes a causal circle,
which indicates a higher degree of interaction among the elements.
However, as is often the case when exploiting a logical machine, some of the
relationships compelled are not highly meaningful (to us, at least) when the macro-variables
(situational inputs, gender-linked language schemata and stereotypes, and so forth) are
considered concretely. Thus, the general hypothesis that situational inputs are causally related to
the production of gender-linked language behavior (SI
2
Æ GLS
s
; T1, 4) is plausible but less


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