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A general process model of the gender-linked language effect: Antecedents for and consequences of language used by men and women
Unformatted Document Text:  General Process Model of the GLLE 27 Endnotes 1 The expression B h = SI 2 indicates variance shared rather than identity. B h = SI 2 can be read as “B h is an SI 2 .” Obviously, there are many inputs to the speaker that are not specified in our model; for example, several cognitive variables, such as situational expectations, affect “perception of context.” Similarly, SI Æ PC s means that SI is a causal variable in the production of PC s , not that SI is the cause of PC s . Finally, the inclusion of PC h as a type of situational input to the speaker creates a circumstance where the speaker and hearer switch roles—the speaker becoming a hearer and vice versa. As with any model, one point in time is depicted, although the model allows for an indefinite number of exchanges across time. 2 Thus, B h Æ PC s , Theorem 22 (below), indicates that a hearer’s behavior toward a speaker can affect the speaker’s perception of communication context. In the context of our model, this general relationship suggests the specific hypothesis that a male hearer’s use of female stereotypical language may trigger in the speaker the perception that the hearer’s intent is to be humorous: +female stereotypical language (+male) Æ +humorous intent. (We construe “perceived communicator intent” to be an aspect of perceived communication context; compare Bowers and Bradac, 1982.) This hypothesis indicates a direct relationship. It is not possible to specify all of the specific, inverse or direct relationships (hypotheses) suggested by our axioms and theorems. This is one important feature that distinguishes models from theories, although the two terms are sometimes erroneously used synonymously. A model is a relatively general and heuristic map, whereas an axiomatic theory, such as uncertainty reduction theory, is a closed system that is complete when all logically derivable hypotheses are specified (Bradac, 2001).

Authors: Mulac, Anthony., Bradac, James. and Palomares, Nicholas.
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background image
General Process Model of the GLLE
27
Endnotes
1
The expression B
h
= SI
2
indicates variance shared rather than identity. B
h
= SI
2
can be
read as “B
h
is an SI
2
.” Obviously, there are many inputs to the speaker that are not specified in
our model; for example, several cognitive variables, such as situational expectations, affect
“perception of context.” Similarly, SI Æ PC
s
means that SI is a causal variable in the production
of PC
s
, not that SI is the cause of PC
s
. Finally, the inclusion of PC
h
as a type of situational input
to the speaker creates a circumstance where the speaker and hearer switch roles—the speaker
becoming a hearer and vice versa. As with any model, one point in time is depicted, although the
model allows for an indefinite number of exchanges across time.
2
Thus, B
h
Æ PC
s
, Theorem 22 (below), indicates that a hearer’s behavior toward a
speaker can affect the speaker’s perception of communication context. In the context of our
model, this general relationship suggests the specific hypothesis that a male hearer’s use of
female stereotypical language may trigger in the speaker the perception that the hearer’s intent is
to be humorous: +female stereotypical language (+male) Æ +humorous intent. (We construe
“perceived communicator intent” to be an aspect of perceived communication context; compare
Bowers and Bradac, 1982.) This hypothesis indicates a direct relationship. It is not possible to
specify all of the specific, inverse or direct relationships (hypotheses) suggested by our axioms
and theorems. This is one important feature that distinguishes models from theories, although the
two terms are sometimes erroneously used synonymously. A model is a relatively general and
heuristic map, whereas an axiomatic theory, such as uncertainty reduction theory, is a closed
system that is complete when all logically derivable hypotheses are specified (Bradac, 2001).


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