All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Quotes and Agendas: Israelis vs. Palestinians on Media, Public and Policy Agendas
Unformatted Document Text:  Fan-Page 3 Quotes and Agendas: Israelis vs. Palestinians on Media, Public and Policy Agendas Introduction The lingering conflict between Israelis and Palestinians predates the establishment of the Jewish state in 1948. The dispute has been so deep-seated that even wars and peace treaties have been unable to bring about an end to the conflict. Moreover, this conflict has affected in many ways other nations, the world economy, relationships between various states and powers as well as the emergence of several international terrorist organizations. In this light, it is of interest to examine forces in the Middle East which evolve only slowly over time and which transcend individual events. One key type of force is that which is exerted by allies with a key player being the United States whose diplomacy and political pressure played a crucial role in the peace accords between Israel and Egypt, between Israel and Jordan and between Israel and the Palestinians. Both Palestinians and Israelis have sought allies in the Middle Eastern conflict. By their very nature, allies have some independence and must therefore be cajoled rather than coerced. Therefore, both the Israelis and Palestinians have adjusted their statements and actions to convince the United States and world public opinion to support their aims. These efforts were conducted through political and diplomatic channels as well as through the mass media. In addition, the two sides have consistently tried to influence American public opinion and decision makers through the American media. Their influences can be measured by an examination of the agenda of American media, public opinion and policy elites. Agenda setting research Research on public agenda involves both the state of the agenda and how it is set. A seminal concept in agenda-setting research has been the idea that the mass media "may not be successful much of the time in telling people what to think, but it is stunningly successful in telling its readers what to think about" (Cohen, 1963:13). In other words, even though the media may not be very successful in telling us what opinions to hold, they are often quite effective in telling us what to have opinions about (or what not to think about). Although more recent research (e.g. Ansolabehere et al. 1993; Fan 1988; Zaller 1992) has shown that the media can also affect opinions within agenda items, it is useful to consider agenda-setting concepts (for reviews of research on agenda-setting see Brosius, 1994; McCombs, Einsiedel & Weaver, 1991; McCombs & Shaw, 1993; Protess & McCombs, 1991; Rogers & Dearing, 1988; Rogers, Dearing & Bregman, 1993) for exploring the efforts of Palestinians and Israelis in the Middle Eastern context because, at a minimum, both sides wish to place their preferences on the American agenda. A useful structure is that of Rogers and Dearing (1988) identifying nine different types of agenda-setting process. These types, numbered 1-9, are: Agenda source: Affected agenda: Media Public Decision Makers ______________________________________________________________

Authors: Fan, David. and Weimann, Gabriel.
first   previous   Page 3 of 29   next   last



background image
Fan-Page 3
Quotes and Agendas: Israelis vs. Palestinians on Media, Public and Policy Agendas
Introduction

The lingering conflict between Israelis and Palestinians predates the establishment of the Jewish
state in 1948. The dispute has been so deep-seated that even wars and peace treaties have been
unable to bring about an end to the conflict. Moreover, this conflict has affected in many ways
other nations, the world economy, relationships between various states and powers as well as the
emergence of several international terrorist organizations. In this light, it is of interest to
examine forces in the Middle East which evolve only slowly over time and which transcend
individual events.

One key type of force is that which is exerted by allies with a key player being the United States
whose diplomacy and political pressure played a crucial role in the peace accords between Israel
and Egypt, between Israel and Jordan and between Israel and the Palestinians. Both Palestinians
and Israelis have sought allies in the Middle Eastern conflict. By their very nature, allies have
some independence and must therefore be cajoled rather than coerced. Therefore, both the
Israelis and Palestinians have adjusted their statements and actions to convince the United States
and world public opinion to support their aims. These efforts were conducted through political
and diplomatic channels as well as through the mass media. In addition, the two sides have
consistently tried to influence American public opinion and decision makers through the
American media. Their influences can be measured by an examination of the agenda of
American media, public opinion and policy elites.

Agenda setting research
Research on public agenda involves both the state of the agenda and how it is set. A seminal
concept in agenda-setting research has been the idea that the mass media "may not be successful
much of the time in telling people what to think, but it is stunningly successful in telling its
readers what to think about" (Cohen, 1963:13). In other words, even though the media may not
be very successful in telling us what opinions to hold, they are often quite effective in telling us
what to have opinions about (or what not to think about).

Although more recent research (e.g. Ansolabehere et al. 1993; Fan 1988; Zaller 1992) has shown
that the media can also affect opinions within agenda items, it is useful to consider agenda-
setting concepts (for reviews of research on agenda-setting see Brosius, 1994; McCombs,
Einsiedel & Weaver, 1991; McCombs & Shaw, 1993; Protess & McCombs, 1991; Rogers &
Dearing, 1988; Rogers, Dearing & Bregman, 1993) for exploring the efforts of Palestinians and
Israelis in the Middle Eastern context because, at a minimum, both sides wish to place their
preferences on the American agenda. A useful structure is that of Rogers and Dearing (1988)
identifying nine different types of agenda-setting process. These types, numbered 1-9, are:
Agenda source:

Affected agenda: Media Public Decision Makers
______________________________________________________________


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 3 of 29   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.