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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 10 of interactive dynamics between individuals and the host environment. The theory says that one of the long-term, cumulative outcomes of undergoing the stress, adaptation, and growth experiences is an intercultural transformation. Three aspects in this internal progressive change include: an increased functional fitness and psychological health vis-à-vis the host environment, as well as a gradual development from a monocultural to an increasingly intercultural identity. In addition, Kim (2001) identifies three environmental factors that influence a stranger's adaptation process. First, the host receptivity refers to "the natives’ openness toward strangers and willingness to accommodate strangers with opportunities to participate in the local social communication processes” (Kim, 2001, p. 148). Second, the host conformity pressure refers to "the extent to which the environment challenges strangers to adopt the normative patterns of the host culture and communication system" (Kim, 2001, p. 79). Third, the ethnic group strength refers to “the relative status and power that membership in an ethnic group accords” (Kim, 2001, p. 155). Finally, Kim's (2001) theory also recognizes the internal conditions or predisposition of strangers prior to resettlement in the host society. Within the dimension of predisposition are three constructs. First, preparedness is "readiness for and understanding of the challenges of crossing cultures and of the particular host culture and its communication system" (Kim, 2001, p. 166). Second, ethnic proximity refers to "degree of similarity (or difference) of the stranger’s ethnicity-based characteristics relative to the corresponding characteristics predominant in the host environment” (Kim, 2001, pp. 168-169). Third, Adaptive personality refers to the psychological makeup and readiness or capacity for change consisting of openness, strength, and positivity (Kim, 2001, pp. 172-173). Successful adaptation to a culturally different environment has been linked to a variety of factors. Emphasizing the centrality of communication, Kim posits that a stranger's intrapersonal and social communicative activities, along with his or her predisposition (personality, ethnicity, and preparedness) and environmental factors (host receptivity, conformity pressure, and ethnic group strength) influence

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 10
of interactive dynamics between individuals and the host environment.
The theory says that one of the long-term, cumulative outcomes of undergoing the stress,
adaptation, and growth experiences is an intercultural transformation. Three aspects in this internal
progressive change include: an increased functional fitness and psychological health vis-à-vis the host
environment, as well as a gradual development from a monocultural to an increasingly intercultural
identity.
In addition, Kim (2001) identifies three environmental factors that influence a stranger's
adaptation process. First, the host receptivity refers to "the natives’ openness toward strangers and
willingness to accommodate strangers with opportunities to participate in the local social communication
processes” (Kim, 2001, p. 148). Second, the host conformity pressure refers to "the extent to which the
environment challenges strangers to adopt the normative patterns of the host culture and communication
system" (Kim, 2001, p. 79). Third, the ethnic group strength refers to “the relative status and power that
membership in an ethnic group accords” (Kim, 2001, p. 155). Finally, Kim's (2001) theory also
recognizes the internal conditions or predisposition of strangers prior to resettlement in the host society.
Within the dimension of predisposition are three constructs. First, preparedness is "readiness for and
understanding of the challenges of crossing cultures and of the particular host culture and its
communication system" (Kim, 2001, p. 166). Second, ethnic proximity refers to "degree of similarity (or
difference) of the stranger’s ethnicity-based characteristics relative to the corresponding characteristics
predominant in the host environment” (Kim, 2001, pp. 168-169). Third, Adaptive personality refers to
the psychological makeup and readiness or capacity for change consisting of openness, strength, and
positivity (Kim, 2001, pp. 172-173).
Successful adaptation to a culturally different environment has been linked to a variety of factors.
Emphasizing the centrality of communication, Kim posits that a stranger's intrapersonal and social
communicative activities, along with his or her predisposition (personality, ethnicity, and preparedness)
and environmental factors (host receptivity, conformity pressure, and ethnic group strength) influence


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