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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 12 (97%) and two participants were female (3%). The age of the participants ranged from 24 to 53 years with a mean of 38.67 (SD = 5.22). Seventy-one respondents were college graduates (70.3%). Twenty- eight respondents held master’s degree (27.7%), and four a Ph.D. (2%). The lengths of stay in the United States ranged from 3 months to 13 years 5 months, with a mean of 2 years 9 months (SD = 2 years and 3 months). Ninety-three respondents were married with having a family in the U.S. (92.1%). Eight respondents were not married (7.9%). Data Collection Procedure The data was collected by using a standardized and self-administered questionnaire distributed to the Korean employees working at branch offices in metropolitan city areas encompassing Northern, Western, Eastern, and Southern parts of the country. Questionnaire was distributed and collected by the investigator in person. The Korean companies were selected based on the accessibility from the business directory of the Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the U.S. This directory was used because it is the most reliable and most updated and comprehensive list of Korean expatriates in the U.S. Even though the probability sampling method is the ideal for a social science research, a convenience sampling method was employed for this study. The main reason for not implementing the probability sampling method among this population was the difficulty in accessing to the organizations and the potential difficulties in obtaining cooperation from all eligible respondents. However, the fact that samples were drawn from several places may help to minimize the weakness of decreased representativeness of the sample due to the use of nonprobability sampling. A total of 160 questionnaires were administered and 101 questionnaires were collected resulting in a satisfactory response rate of 63%. This high response rate is largely attributed to the administration and collection of questionnaires in person. The survey questionnaire was initially written in English. This English questionnaire was translated into Korean by a Korean American-bilingual interpreter. Then, following Brislin's (1980) suggestion, the Korean questionnaire was back-translated again by a Korean-American bilingual interpreter to ensure equivalence of meanings across the two language systems. The survey package consists of the consent

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 12
(97%) and two participants were female (3%). The age of the participants ranged from 24 to 53 years
with a mean of 38.67 (SD = 5.22). Seventy-one respondents were college graduates (70.3%). Twenty-
eight respondents held master’s degree (27.7%), and four a Ph.D. (2%). The lengths of stay in the United
States ranged from 3 months to 13 years 5 months, with a mean of 2 years 9 months (SD = 2 years and 3
months). Ninety-three respondents were married with having a family in the U.S. (92.1%). Eight
respondents were not married (7.9%).
Data Collection Procedure
The data was collected by using a standardized and self-administered questionnaire distributed to
the Korean employees working at branch offices in metropolitan city areas encompassing Northern,
Western, Eastern, and Southern parts of the country. Questionnaire was distributed and collected by the
investigator in person. The Korean companies were selected based on the accessibility from the business
directory of the Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the U.S. This directory was used because
it is the most reliable and most updated and comprehensive list of Korean expatriates in the U.S. Even
though the probability sampling method is the ideal for a social science research, a convenience sampling
method was employed for this study. The main reason for not implementing the probability sampling
method among this population was the difficulty in accessing to the organizations and the potential
difficulties in obtaining cooperation from all eligible respondents. However, the fact that samples were
drawn from several places may help to minimize the weakness of decreased representativeness of the
sample due to the use of nonprobability sampling. A total of 160 questionnaires were administered and
101 questionnaires were collected resulting in a satisfactory response rate of 63%. This high response
rate is largely attributed to the administration and collection of questionnaires in person. The survey
questionnaire was initially written in English. This English questionnaire was translated into Korean by
a Korean American-bilingual interpreter. Then, following Brislin's (1980) suggestion, the Korean
questionnaire was back-translated again by a Korean-American bilingual interpreter to ensure
equivalence of meanings across the two language systems. The survey package consists of the consent


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