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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 13 form and a cover letter (Korean/English) that explains the purpose of the study, confidentiality of the participants, and merits of the study, and the questionnaire (Korean/English). The respondents were allowed to choose between a Korean and an English version. The questionnaire survey took 15 to 20 minutes to complete. In most case, the questionnaire was administered and collected in person while the investigator was visiting the organization or participating in their social activities (e.g., dinner party or seminar, etc.). An exploratory questionnaire was tested in the summer of 1999 in the present investigator’s study (Y. S. Kim, 2001). Based on this exploratory study, some of the items in the questionnaire have been modified. In addition, more variables have been incorporated into this study, such as mass media consumption as a social communication. Measurement The survey questionnaire consisted of items which measured key variables of the present analysis. It included the predictor variables such as each of the three dimensions of host communication competence (cognitive, affective, and operational), interpersonal communication, and mass communication. The dependent variable was psychological health. In addition, the participants’ background information including gender, age, length of stay, educational background, marital status, and family adjustment (i.e., spouse and children) were included. At the end of the questionnaire, an open-ended question was included for the respondent's personal opinion and impression about the survey. In background information, in addition to other demographic information, family adjustment (i.e., spouse and children) is measured by six items with 7-point Likert-type scale (1 = not at all; 7 = completely): 1) “How positive is your spouse’s attitude about living in the United States?”; 2) how happy is (are) your child (children) about living in the United States?”; 3) “How well has your spouse adjusted to American culture?”; 4) How well has (have) your child (children) adjusted to American culture?”; 5) “How much does your spouse want to stay longer in the United States?”; 6) “How much does (do) your

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 13
form and a cover letter (Korean/English) that explains the purpose of the study, confidentiality of the
participants, and merits of the study, and the questionnaire (Korean/English). The respondents were
allowed to choose between a Korean and an English version. The questionnaire survey took 15 to 20
minutes to complete. In most case, the questionnaire was administered and collected in person while the
investigator was visiting the organization or participating in their social activities (e.g., dinner party or
seminar, etc.).
An exploratory questionnaire was tested in the summer of 1999 in the present investigator’s
study (Y. S. Kim, 2001). Based on this exploratory study, some of the items in the questionnaire have
been modified. In addition, more variables have been incorporated into this study, such as mass media
consumption as a social communication.
Measurement
The survey questionnaire consisted of items which measured key variables of the present
analysis. It included the predictor variables such as each of the three dimensions of host communication
competence (cognitive, affective, and operational), interpersonal communication, and mass
communication. The dependent variable was psychological health. In addition, the participants’
background information including gender, age, length of stay, educational background, marital status,
and family adjustment (i.e., spouse and children) were included. At the end of the questionnaire, an
open-ended question was included for the respondent's personal opinion and impression about the survey.
In background information, in addition to other demographic information, family adjustment
(i.e., spouse and children) is measured by six items with 7-point Likert-type scale (1 = not at all; 7 =
completely): 1) “How positive is your spouse’s attitude about living in the United States?”; 2) how happy
is (are) your child (children) about living in the United States?”; 3) “How well has your spouse adjusted
to American culture?”; 4) How well has (have) your child (children) adjusted to American culture?”; 5)
“How much does your spouse want to stay longer in the United States?”; 6) “How much does (do) your


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