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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 14 child (children) want to stay longer in the U.S.?” The reliability of this six-item scale was found to be satisfactory, with Cronbach’s alpha = .86. Host Communication Competence. Consistent with Y. Y. Kim's (2001) theoretical conception, host communication competence for Korean expatriates was measured in three dimensions. These dimensions are identified as three interrelated concepts including cognitive, affective, and operational. The cognitive dimension is measured by two scales such as host language ability and cultural knowledge. The scale assesses the respondent’s subjective assessment of language and their knowledge of American culture. With regard to the language ability, the first aspect of the cognitive dimension, the items of host language ability scale assess the respondents' self evaluation of their host language competence in terms of adequacy regarding the accomplishment of skills such as speaking, listening, reading, and writing on a 7-point Likert-type scale (1 = inadequate; 7 = very adequate). Most items have been adapted from Maruyama’s (1998) study; the wording of scale items is modified in consideration of the characteristics of the sample (i.e., business people). The scale consists of seven items: 1) Ability to speak spontaneously in English with Americans; 2) Ability to converse on the phone (with Americans in English); 3) Ability to ask questions and solve problems with Americans at work; 4) Ability to understand national and domestic news on American radio or TV.; 5) Ability to read/comprehend American newspapers; 6) Ability to write a formal business report/letter in English; 7) Ability to write a letter to American friends in English. The reliability of this six-item scale of host language competence was found to be satisfactory, with Cronbach’s alpha = .94. Then these six items were combined into a composite scale of host language competence. In the second scale, cultural knowledge as the second aspect of the cognitive dimension is measured by the degree of respondents’ knowledge of American culture, especially cultural norms and communication rules. The scale consists of five items, adapted from Gudykunst’s (1991) measure of knowledge of another culture, assessing the degree to which a statement is true on a 7-point Likert-type

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 14
child (children) want to stay longer in the U.S.?” The reliability of this six-item scale was found to be
satisfactory, with Cronbach’s alpha = .86.
Host Communication Competence. Consistent with Y. Y. Kim's (2001) theoretical conception,
host communication competence for Korean expatriates was measured in three dimensions. These
dimensions are identified as three interrelated concepts including cognitive, affective, and operational.
The
cognitive dimension is measured by two scales such as host language ability and cultural
knowledge. The scale assesses the respondent’s subjective assessment of language and their knowledge
of American culture. With regard to the language ability, the first aspect of the cognitive dimension, the
items of host language ability scale assess the respondents' self evaluation of their host language
competence in terms of adequacy regarding the accomplishment of skills such as speaking, listening,
reading, and writing on a 7-point Likert-type scale (1 = inadequate; 7 = very adequate). Most items have
been adapted from Maruyama’s (1998) study; the wording of scale items is modified in consideration of
the characteristics of the sample (i.e., business people). The scale consists of seven items: 1) Ability to
speak spontaneously in English with Americans; 2) Ability to converse on the phone (with Americans in
English); 3) Ability to ask questions and solve problems with Americans at work; 4) Ability to
understand national and domestic news on American radio or TV.; 5) Ability to read/comprehend
American newspapers; 6) Ability to write a formal business report/letter in English; 7) Ability to write a
letter to American friends in English.
The reliability of this six-item scale of host language competence was found to be satisfactory, with
Cronbach’s alpha = .94. Then these six items were combined into a composite scale of host language
competence.
In the second scale, cultural knowledge as the second aspect of the cognitive dimension is
measured by the degree of respondents’ knowledge of American culture, especially cultural norms and
communication rules. The scale consists of five items, adapted from Gudykunst’s (1991) measure of
knowledge of another culture, assessing the degree to which a statement is true on a 7-point Likert-type


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