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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 15 scale (1 = none; 7 = completely) about the respondents’ knowledge of American culture. The wording of the scales has been slightly modified. The five items are: 1) “I understand American cultural norms; 2) ”I understand American cultural values”; 3) ”I understand how Americans communicate nonverbally, such as through facial expressions and body language”; 4) “I understand how most Americans express themselves verbally”; and 5) ”I understand prevalent American ways of thinking.” The reliability of these five items was found to be high in this investigator’s exploratory study, with Cronbach’s alpha = .91. In the present study, the reliability of this five-item scale yielded a Cronbach’s alpha = .95. These five items were combined into the scale of knowledge of host culture. In the affective dimension of host communication competence, adaptation motivation scale assesses the respondents’ adaptive motivation to the American society and culture. For this measure, a 7- point Likert-type scale is used (1 = not at all; 7 = very much). The first three items of this scale have been drawn from Kim’s (1976) measure of acculturation motivation, and the rest of the items have been adapted from Maruyama’s (1998) research and modified: 1) ”How interested are you in learning and understanding the ways American people behave and think?”; 2) “How interested are you in making friends with American people?”; 3) “How interested are you in knowing about the current political, economic, and social situations and issues of America?”; 4) “How interested are you in learning English?”; 5) “How interested are you in interacting with American people?”; 6) “How interested are you in adapting to American culture/society?”; 7) “How interested are you in trying American food?” The seventh item was dropped to improve reliability. The combination of remaining six items yielded an alpha coefficient of .86 as a composite scale of adaptation motivation. The operational dimension of host communication competence was assessed by the behavioral competence scale by asking how well and effectively the respondents could communicate with and relate to Americans. For this measure, there are eight 7-point scale items (1 = totally disagree; 7 = totally agree). Most of them have been adapted from Tammam’s (1993) measure and modified: 1) “I am able to avoid misunderstandings with Americans”; 2) “I am able to achieve what I hope to achieve in my

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 15
scale (1 = none; 7 = completely) about the respondents’ knowledge of American culture. The wording
of the scales has been slightly modified. The five items are: 1) “I understand American cultural norms;
2) ”I understand American cultural values”; 3) ”I understand how Americans communicate nonverbally,
such as through facial expressions and body language”; 4) “I understand how most Americans express
themselves verbally”; and 5) ”I understand prevalent American ways of thinking.” The reliability of
these five items was found to be high in this investigator’s exploratory study, with Cronbach’s alpha =
.91. In the present study, the reliability of this five-item scale yielded a Cronbach’s alpha = .95. These
five items were combined into the scale of knowledge of host culture.
In the affective dimension of host communication competence, adaptation motivation scale
assesses the respondents’ adaptive motivation to the American society and culture. For this measure, a 7-
point Likert-type scale is used (1 = not at all; 7 = very much). The first three items of this scale have
been drawn from Kim’s (1976) measure of acculturation motivation, and the rest of the items have been
adapted from Maruyama’s (1998) research and modified: 1) ”How interested are you in learning and
understanding the ways American people behave and think?”; 2) “How interested are you in making
friends with American people?”; 3) “How interested are you in knowing about the current political,
economic, and social situations and issues of America?”; 4) “How interested are you in learning
English?”; 5) “How interested are you in interacting with American people?”; 6) “How interested are you
in adapting to American culture/society?”; 7) “How interested are you in trying American food?” The
seventh item was dropped to improve reliability. The combination of remaining six items yielded an
alpha coefficient of .86 as a composite scale of adaptation motivation.
The
operational dimension of host communication competence was assessed by the behavioral
competence scale by asking how well and effectively the respondents could communicate with and relate
to Americans. For this measure, there are eight 7-point scale items (1 = totally disagree; 7 = totally
agree). Most of them have been adapted from Tammam’s (1993) measure and modified: 1) “I am able to
avoid misunderstandings with Americans”; 2) “I am able to achieve what I hope to achieve in my


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