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Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural Adaptation 17 minutes). For ethnic media, considering that Korean movie is not available in the U.S. except for videos, the Korean movie was not included in the ethnic media. Korean language web-site was added as one of the ethnic media. In questionnaire items for ethnic media, the items include: 1) "How much time do you usually spend reading Korean newspapers and magazines in Korean each day?” (1 = don’t subscribe/don’t read at all); 2) “In a typical week, how much time do you spend listening to Korean radio program if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 3) “In a typical week, how often do you watch Korean videos?” (1 = none; 4 = more than 4 a week); 4) “In a typical week, how much time do you spend watching Korean TV program, if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 5) “In a typical week, how much time do you usually spend using the Korean-language websites?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week). Each of mass media (e.g., newspapers/magazines, TV, radio) was treated as an independent variable for ethnic mass media for the analysis. For host media, items include: 1) “How much time do you usually spend reading American newspapers and magazines each day?” (1 = don’t subscribe/don’t read at all; 6 = more than 90 minutes); 2) “In a typical week, how much time do you spend listening to American radio programs?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 3) “In a typical week, how often do you watch American videos? (1 = none; 4 = more than 4 a week); 4) "In a typical week, how much time do you spend watching American TV programs, if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 5) "How often do you go to see American movies?” (1 = none; 6 = more than three times a month); 6) "In a typical week, how much time do you usually spend using the Korean-language websites?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week). Each of mass media (e.g., newspapers/magazines, TV, radio) was treated as an independent variable for host mass media for the analysis. Psychological health. Out of the three different potential outcomes of intercultural transformation, i.e., functional fitness, psychological health, and intercultural identity, only psychological health was included in this study. Psychological health was assessed by two ways in terms of the degree

Authors: Kim, II, Yang-Soo.
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Cross-cultural Adaptation 17
minutes). For ethnic media, considering that Korean movie is not available in the U.S. except for videos,
the Korean movie was not included in the ethnic media. Korean language web-site was added as one of
the ethnic media. In questionnaire items for ethnic media, the items include: 1) "How much time do you
usually spend reading Korean newspapers and magazines in Korean each day?” (1 = don’t
subscribe/don’t read at all); 2) “In a typical week, how much time do you spend listening to Korean radio
program if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 3) “In a typical week, how often do you
watch Korean videos?” (1 = none; 4 = more than 4 a week); 4) “In a typical week, how much time do you
spend watching Korean TV program, if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 5) “In a typical
week, how much time do you usually spend using the Korean-language websites?” (1 = none; 6 = more
than 6 hours a week).
Each of mass media (e.g., newspapers/magazines, TV, radio) was treated as an independent variable for
ethnic mass media for the analysis.
For host media, items include: 1) “How much time do you usually spend reading American
newspapers and magazines each day?” (1 = don’t subscribe/don’t read at all; 6 = more than 90 minutes);
2) “In a typical week, how much time do you spend listening to American radio programs?” (1 = none; 6
= more than 6 hours a week); 3) “In a typical week, how often do you watch American videos? (1 = none;
4 = more than 4 a week); 4) "In a typical week, how much time do you spend watching American TV
programs, if any?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week); 5) "How often do you go to see American
movies?” (1 = none; 6 = more than three times a month); 6) "In a typical week, how much time do you
usually spend using the Korean-language websites?” (1 = none; 6 = more than 6 hours a week). Each of
mass media (e.g., newspapers/magazines, TV, radio) was treated as an independent variable for host mass
media for the analysis.
Psychological
health. Out of the three different potential outcomes of intercultural
transformation, i.e., functional fitness, psychological health, and intercultural identity, only psychological
health was included in this study. Psychological health was assessed by two ways in terms of the degree


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