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Framing a Friendly Dictator: U.S. Newsmagazine Coverage of Pakistani President Musharraf After 9/11
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing a Friendly Dictator: U.S. Newsmagazine Coverage of Pakistani President Musharraf After 9/11 13 2. Were there any consistent patterns of omission in the framing of Musharraf’s role? Method/Procedures The study combined critical/cultural studies perspective with the four functions framing concept as explained by Entman (1993). The author explains that the media (1) determine the problem, mostly in terms of their common cultural values. The following causal interpretation results in (2) identifying the forces (agents) that created the problem. The agents are then (3) evaluated through the moral lenses of the media and, finally, (4) remedies that are supposed to resolve problems are suggested. This study analyzed the coverage of President Musharraf in the three best-selling American newsmagazines – U.S. News & World Report, Time and Newsweek 7 - five and a half months after the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, i.e. from September 11, 2001 until the end of February 2002. The end date was determined by the beginning of research. The three newsmagazines were chosen because of their influence in the United States and newsmagazine’s general tendency to cover the events in a more interpretive, in-depth manner. The data for this research were gathered by using the Lexis-Nexis search engine for the key word “Musharraf.” The search for the period examined produced 128 articles that mentioned Musharraf – 52 from Newsweek, 56 from Time magazine and 20 from U.S. World and News Report. In the first phase of the research, every news story was carefully read. Editorial articles were treated as any other journalistic text because this study treats media discourse as a product that is subject to organizational forces of media institutions. From this point of view, the media discourse should be examined as a whole

Authors: Obad, Orlanda.
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Framing a Friendly Dictator: U.S. Newsmagazine Coverage of Pakistani
President Musharraf After 9/11
13
2. Were there any consistent patterns of omission in the framing of Musharraf’s
role?
Method/Procedures
The study combined critical/cultural studies perspective with the four functions
framing concept as explained by Entman (1993). The author explains that the media (1)
determine the problem, mostly in terms of their common cultural values. The following
causal interpretation results in (2) identifying the forces (agents) that created the problem.
The agents are then (3) evaluated through the moral lenses of the media and, finally, (4)
remedies that are supposed to resolve problems are suggested.
This study analyzed the coverage of President Musharraf in the three best-selling
American newsmagazines – U.S. News & World Report, Time and Newsweek
7
- five and
a half months after the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, i.e. from
September 11, 2001 until the end of February 2002. The end date was determined by the
beginning of research. The three newsmagazines were chosen because of their influence
in the United States and newsmagazine’s general tendency to cover the events in a more
interpretive, in-depth manner.
The data for this research were gathered by using the Lexis-Nexis search engine
for the key word “Musharraf.” The search for the period examined produced 128 articles
that mentioned Musharraf – 52 from Newsweek, 56 from Time magazine and 20 from
U.S. World and News Report. In the first phase of the research, every news story was
carefully read. Editorial articles were treated as any other journalistic text because this
study treats media discourse as a product that is subject to organizational forces of media
institutions. From this point of view, the media discourse should be examined as a whole


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