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Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems

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Abstract:

Social support is commonly assumed to protect people from the experience of psychological distress and to enhance well-being. However, past research shows that the effectiveness of social support from family members and friends varies over the life span. Both the theory of evolutionary psychology and socioemotional selectivity theory provide compelling accounts for why this may be the case. In accord with each theory, age was predicted to moderate the association between social support and the experience of depressive symptoms and loneliness. This moderational model was tested in a community-based sample of 325 adults ranging in age from 19 to 85 years. Results indicated that social support from family members and sheer contact with them, as well as social support from a spouse/partner, was most strongly and negatively related to the psychosocial problems in the younger participants. Age also moderated the association between relationship standards and loneliness. Consistent with the assumptions of socioemotional selectivity theory, older people do not appear to be as dependent as younger people are on receiving social support from diverse sources in order to maintain a sense of well-being.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

age (208), social (205), support (178), relationship (103), loneli (102), moder (91), famili (89), standard (71), depress (67), partner (67), life (66), friend (61), associ (52), psycholog (50), contact (49), interact (45), p (43), psychosoci (43), 1 (42), problem (42), span (42),

Author's Keywords:

social support, age, depression, loneliness
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Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Segrin, Chris. "Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111938_index.html>

APA Citation:

Segrin, C. , 2003-05-27 "Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111938_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Social support is commonly assumed to protect people from the experience of psychological distress and to enhance well-being. However, past research shows that the effectiveness of social support from family members and friends varies over the life span. Both the theory of evolutionary psychology and socioemotional selectivity theory provide compelling accounts for why this may be the case. In accord with each theory, age was predicted to moderate the association between social support and the experience of depressive symptoms and loneliness. This moderational model was tested in a community-based sample of 325 adults ranging in age from 19 to 85 years. Results indicated that social support from family members and sheer contact with them, as well as social support from a spouse/partner, was most strongly and negatively related to the psychosocial problems in the younger participants. Age also moderated the association between relationship standards and loneliness. Consistent with the assumptions of socioemotional selectivity theory, older people do not appear to be as dependent as younger people are on receiving social support from diverse sources in order to maintain a sense of well-being.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 53
Word count: 9560
Text sample:
Age Moderates 1 Running Head: SOCIAL SUPPORT OVER THE LIFE SPAN Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems Age Moderates 2 Abstract Social support is commonly assumed to protect people from the experience of psychological distress and to enhance well-being. However past research shows that the effectiveness of social support from family members and friends varies over the life span. Both the theory of evolutionary psychology and socioemotional selectivity theory provide compelling accounts for why this
52 Figure Caption Figure 5. Regression slopes illustrating the age by singlehood relationship standard interaction predicting loneliness. Age Moderates 53 3 2.5 2 Loneliness 1.5 older 1 middle 0.5 younger 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 Relationship Standards - Singlehood


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