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A Passage to India: Images of India in U.K/U.S Feature Films from 1930-2000
Unformatted Document Text:  A Passage to India Page 8 of 29 Student Paper bungalow, hut), health, class (rich/poor etc), character’s role in the narrative (hero, villain, heroine etc) and race of the actor playing the character. Coding Reliability To establish reliability, a secondary coder coded for 7 out of the total of 24 movies (about 30%) randomly chosen for this study. The Potter and Levine- Donnerstein’s (1999) modification of Scott’s pi (Scott, 1955) was used as the basis for calculating inter-coder reliability. The average reliability was 92%. Scene reliability was 91% (including country type (Indian/West/others)=98%, presence of stereotypes=83%, climate (hot/cold/comfortable/can’t tell)=88%, level of cleanliness (dirty/clean/can’t tell)=93% and so on). Character reliability was 89% (gender=100%, race=100%, religion=96%, health=96% etc.) Results Movie Analysis Director. Amongst the directors of the coded movies, 8% (N=2) were Indians whereas 91% (N=22) were non-Indians (mostly British or American). Movies that were directed by Indian had lesser percentage of stereotypical scenes (M)=18%) as compared to movies directed by non-Indians (M=62%), F (1, 23)=5.23, p<0.05. The race of the director was inferred using the biographies of directors available in Internet Movie Database online. Writer. About 13% (N=3) of the movies had Indian writers while 87% (N=21) of the writers were non-Indians. Movies in which the stories were written by Indian authors/writers had lesser percentage of stereotypical scenes (M=14%) as compared to movies directed by non-Indians (M=64%), F (1,23)=12.62, p<0.005. The race of the

Authors: Ramasubramanian, Srividya.
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A Passage to India
Page 8 of 29
Student Paper
bungalow, hut), health, class (rich/poor etc), character’s role in the narrative (hero,
villain, heroine etc) and race of the actor playing the character.
Coding Reliability
To establish reliability, a secondary coder coded for 7 out of the total of 24
movies (about 30%) randomly chosen for this study. The Potter and Levine-
Donnerstein’s (1999) modification of Scott’s pi (Scott, 1955) was used as the basis for
calculating inter-coder reliability. The average reliability was 92%. Scene reliability was
91% (including country type (Indian/West/others)=98%, presence of stereotypes=83%,
climate (hot/cold/comfortable/can’t tell)=88%, level of cleanliness (dirty/clean/can’t
tell)=93% and so on). Character reliability was 89% (gender=100%, race=100%,
religion=96%, health=96% etc.)
Results
Movie Analysis
Director. Amongst the directors of the coded movies, 8% (N=2) were Indians
whereas 91% (N=22) were non-Indians (mostly British or American). Movies that were
directed by Indian had lesser percentage of stereotypical scenes (M)=18%) as compared
to movies directed by non-Indians (M=62%), F (1, 23)=5.23, p<0.05. The race of the
director was inferred using the biographies of directors available in Internet Movie
Database online.
Writer. About 13% (N=3) of the movies had Indian writers while 87% (N=21) of
the writers were non-Indians. Movies in which the stories were written by Indian
authors/writers had lesser percentage of stereotypical scenes (M=14%) as compared to
movies directed by non-Indians (M=64%), F (1,23)=12.62, p<0.005. The race of the


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