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Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems
Unformatted Document Text:  Age Moderates 11 Participants in this study were 325 adults (34% male, 66% female) who volunteered to complete a questionnaire while waiting to be called for jury duty. Participants’ age was normally distributed and ranged from 19 to 85 years (M = 46.43, SD = 14.03). The ethnic/racial composition of the sample was 1.3% Asian, 1.6% black, 13.7% Hispanic, 81.3% white, and 2.2% other/unknown. In terms of relational status and background, 66% were currently married, 33% ever divorced, and 6% ever widowed. Approximately 3% of the participants were unemployed, 10% were employed part time, 66% were employed full time, 14% were retired, and 7% indicated that they were either a full time student or homemaker. Measures Participants completed a questionnaire that included the measures described below plus a number of demographic questions. Symptoms of depression. The Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI-SF; Beck & Beck, 1972) was administered as a measure of depressive symptoms. This instrument asks respondents to indicate the level of severity with which they have been experiencing various symptoms of depression. The BDI-SF has an extensive record of psychometric quality, correlating .93 - .96 with the standard BDI (Beck & Beck, 1972; Gould, 1982; Reynolds & Gould, 1981), .61 with clinical depth-of-depression ratings (Beck & Beck, 1972), and has good internal consistency (e.g., Knight, 1984; Reynolds & Gould, 1981). The reliability of this instrument was = .80. Loneliness. The short form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1980) was used to measure the experience of loneliness. The short form of the UCLA Loneliness scale has a demonstrated record of reliability and validity, correlating

Authors: Segrin, Chris.
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Age Moderates
11
Participants in this study were 325 adults (34% male, 66% female) who volunteered
to complete a questionnaire while waiting to be called for jury duty. Participants’ age was
normally distributed and ranged from 19 to 85 years (M = 46.43, SD = 14.03). The
ethnic/racial composition of the sample was 1.3% Asian, 1.6% black, 13.7% Hispanic,
81.3% white, and 2.2% other/unknown. In terms of relational status and background, 66%
were currently married, 33% ever divorced, and 6% ever widowed. Approximately 3% of
the participants were unemployed, 10% were employed part time, 66% were employed full
time, 14% were retired, and 7% indicated that they were either a full time student or
homemaker.
Measures
Participants completed a questionnaire that included the measures described below
plus a number of demographic questions.
Symptoms of depression. The Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI-SF;
Beck & Beck, 1972) was administered as a measure of depressive symptoms. This
instrument asks respondents to indicate the level of severity with which they have been
experiencing various symptoms of depression. The BDI-SF has an extensive record of
psychometric quality, correlating .93 - .96 with the standard BDI (Beck & Beck, 1972;
Gould, 1982; Reynolds & Gould, 1981), .61 with clinical depth-of-depression ratings (Beck
& Beck, 1972), and has good internal consistency (e.g., Knight, 1984; Reynolds & Gould,
1981). The reliability of this instrument was = .80.
Loneliness. The short form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, &
Cutrona, 1980) was used to measure the experience of loneliness. The short form of the
UCLA Loneliness scale has a demonstrated record of reliability and validity, correlating


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