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Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems
Unformatted Document Text:  Age Moderates 12 .60 - .70 with the long form of the scale (Franzoi & Davis, 1985). It also has been successfully used in large sample survey studies of adolescents (e.g., Franzoi & Davis, 1985) and elderly participants (e.g., Bondevik & Skogstad, 1996). Sample items include “I can find companionship when I want it,” and “People are around me but not with me” (reverse scored). The reliability of this scale was = .76. Social support from family and friends. Participants completed the Perceived Social Support-Friend scale (PSS-FR) and the Perceived Social Support-Family scale (PSS-FA; Procidano & Heller, 1983) as an index of the degree to which they feel that their needs for support are fulfilled by their friends and family members. Each scale includes 20 items such as “My (friends/family) are sensitive to my personal needs,” and “My (friends/family) give me the moral support that I need.” The PSS-FA scale was preceded by an instruction for the participant to focus on support from the family, noninclusive of their spouse or serious romantic partner. The PSS-FR and PSS-FA scales have a strong record of psychometric quality, correlating with variables such as degree of relational reciprocity, duration of membership in a social network, intangible and tangible support from family members, and interpersonal dependency (Procidano & Heller, 1983). Meta-analytic findings indicate that the PSS scales are not significantly correlated with respondents’ age (Procidano, 1992), hence the items can be regarded as unbiased toward feelings about social support that could be particular to certain age groups. Discriminant validity of the instruments has also been demonstrated on clinical vs. non-clinical samples. In the present study, the reliabilities of the PSS-FR and PSS-FA scales were = .93 and .94, respectively. Social support from spouse/romantic partner. Because the measurement of perceived social support from the family and friends did not include an assessment of

Authors: Segrin, Chris.
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Age Moderates
12
.60 - .70 with the long form of the scale (Franzoi & Davis, 1985). It also has been
successfully used in large sample survey studies of adolescents (e.g., Franzoi & Davis,
1985) and elderly participants (e.g., Bondevik & Skogstad, 1996). Sample items include “I
can find companionship when I want it,” and “People are around me but not with me”
(reverse scored). The reliability of this scale was = .76.
Social support from family and friends. Participants completed the Perceived Social
Support-Friend scale (PSS-FR) and the Perceived Social Support-Family scale (PSS-FA;
Procidano & Heller, 1983) as an index of the degree to which they feel that their needs for
support are fulfilled by their friends and family members. Each scale includes 20 items
such as “My (friends/family) are sensitive to my personal needs,” and “My (friends/family)
give me the moral support that I need.” The PSS-FA scale was preceded by an instruction
for the participant to focus on support from the family, noninclusive of their spouse or
serious romantic partner. The PSS-FR and PSS-FA scales have a strong record of
psychometric quality, correlating with variables such as degree of relational reciprocity,
duration of membership in a social network, intangible and tangible support from family
members, and interpersonal dependency (Procidano & Heller, 1983). Meta-analytic
findings indicate that the PSS scales are not significantly correlated with respondents’ age
(Procidano, 1992), hence the items can be regarded as unbiased toward feelings about
social support that could be particular to certain age groups. Discriminant validity of the
instruments has also been demonstrated on clinical vs. non-clinical samples. In the present
study, the reliabilities of the PSS-FR and PSS-FA scales were = .93 and .94, respectively.
Social support from spouse/romantic partner. Because the measurement of
perceived social support from the family and friends did not include an assessment of


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