All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Age Moderates the Relationship between Social Support and Psychosocial Problems
Unformatted Document Text:  Age Moderates 15 (316) = -.03, ns. Additionally, there was no significant association between age and symptoms of depression, r (319) = -.10, ns, or loneliness, r (315) = .01, ns. Social Support and Psychosocial Problems Hypothesis one predicted that age would moderate the association between social support (from family, friends, and partner/spouse) and psychosocial problems. To test this hypothesis, a series of hierarchical regression analyses were conducted following procedures described by Aiken and West (1991) for testing interactions in multiple regression. The presence of a moderator is indicated by a significant interaction between a focal independent variable (social support) and a factor (age) that specifies the conditions for its operation (Baron & Kenny, 1986). Briefly, these analyses involve creating centered variables for each of the “main effects” and creating an interaction term that is the product of those two centered variables. This helps to reduce the multicollinearity that is otherwise prominent among interaction terms and their attendant main effect components. The main effect predictors (i.e., social support and age) were entered simultaneously on the first step, and the interaction term was entered on the second step of each analysis. If age moderates the relationship between social support and psychosocial problems, that should be evident in a significant age by social support interaction. The first pair of analyses explored the relationship between perceived social support from family members and each of the two psychosocial problems under investigation (i.e., depression and loneliness). Results of these analyses appear in Table 1. As apparent from Table 1, perceived social support from family members was negatively associated with both depression, = -.30, p < .001, and loneliness, = -.27, p < .001. Whereas there was no evidence to suggest that age moderated the relationship

Authors: Segrin, Chris.
first   previous   Page 15 of 53   next   last



background image
Age Moderates
15
(316) = -.03, ns. Additionally, there was no significant association between age and
symptoms of depression, r (319) = -.10, ns, or loneliness, r (315) = .01, ns.
Social Support and Psychosocial Problems
Hypothesis one predicted that age would moderate the association between social
support (from family, friends, and partner/spouse) and psychosocial problems. To test this
hypothesis, a series of hierarchical regression analyses were conducted following
procedures described by Aiken and West (1991) for testing interactions in multiple
regression. The presence of a moderator is indicated by a significant interaction between a
focal independent variable (social support) and a factor (age) that specifies the conditions
for its operation (Baron & Kenny, 1986). Briefly, these analyses involve creating centered
variables for each of the “main effects” and creating an interaction term that is the product
of those two centered variables. This helps to reduce the multicollinearity that is otherwise
prominent among interaction terms and their attendant main effect components. The main
effect predictors (i.e., social support and age) were entered simultaneously on the first step,
and the interaction term was entered on the second step of each analysis. If age moderates
the relationship between social support and psychosocial problems, that should be evident
in a significant age by social support interaction. The first pair of analyses explored the
relationship between perceived social support from family members and each of the two
psychosocial problems under investigation (i.e., depression and loneliness). Results of
these analyses appear in Table 1.
As apparent from Table 1, perceived social support from family members was
negatively associated with both depression, = -.30, p < .001, and loneliness, = -.27, p <
.001. Whereas there was no evidence to suggest that age moderated the relationship


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 15 of 53   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.