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Exploring the Relationship Between Hurtful Messages and Partner Attachment
Unformatted Document Text:  Hurt and Attachment 13 frequency of HMs in their relationship; however, they were instructed to respond to the degree of hurt items considering the specific hurtful incident instead of the entire 10-minute interaction. Measures Participants’ attachment to both their parent and their current romantic partner were assessed through Le Poire’s parental and romantic attachment measures (Le Poire et al., 1997). For the purposes of this paper, only partner attachment was examined in relation to hurtful messages. The partner form included dimensions of security, preoccupation, and avoidance. All items were measured on a 7-point Likert scale (i.e., ranging from “1” indicating strongly disagree to “7” indicating strongly agree). This measure was used because it allows attachment style tendencies to be analyzed as continuous variables rather than separate, mutually-exclusive categories. Items regarding the security dimension assess the degree to which individuals feel that their partner is reliable, caring, and emotionally available. Items regarding the preoccupied dimension assess the degree to which individuals think about their partner, value the partner’s opinions, and puts the needs of the partner before their own. Items regarding the dismissive- avoidant dimension assess the degree to which individuals dislike being controlled by the partner, feel consumed by the relationship, and feel they lose their own identity in the relationship. Because the factor structure of this instrument had been previously determined (Le Poire et al., 1999), no factor analyses were conducted. Some items for each dimension were removed to increase reliability. The final dimensions consisted of 13 items for secure (Cronbach’s alpha = .85), seven items for preoccupied (Cronbach’s alpha = .72), and five items for avoidant (Cronbach’s alpha = .63). Items from Young and Bippus (2001) were used to measure the degree of hurt experienced, and items from Vangelisti and Young (2000) were used to measure the frequency

Authors: Dailey, Rene. and Le Poire, Beth.
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Hurt and Attachment 13
frequency of HMs in their relationship; however, they were instructed to respond to the degree of
hurt items considering the specific hurtful incident instead of the entire 10-minute interaction.
Measures
Participants’ attachment to both their parent and their current romantic partner were
assessed through Le Poire’s parental and romantic attachment measures (Le Poire et al., 1997).
For the purposes of this paper, only partner attachment was examined in relation to hurtful
messages. The partner form included dimensions of security, preoccupation, and avoidance. All
items were measured on a 7-point Likert scale (i.e., ranging from “1” indicating strongly
disagree to “7” indicating strongly agree). This measure was used because it allows attachment
style tendencies to be analyzed as continuous variables rather than separate, mutually-exclusive
categories. Items regarding the security dimension assess the degree to which individuals feel
that their partner is reliable, caring, and emotionally available. Items regarding the preoccupied
dimension assess the degree to which individuals think about their partner, value the partner’s
opinions, and puts the needs of the partner before their own. Items regarding the dismissive-
avoidant dimension assess the degree to which individuals dislike being controlled by the
partner, feel consumed by the relationship, and feel they lose their own identity in the
relationship. Because the factor structure of this instrument had been previously determined (Le
Poire et al., 1999), no factor analyses were conducted. Some items for each dimension were
removed to increase reliability. The final dimensions consisted of 13 items for secure
(Cronbach’s alpha = .85), seven items for preoccupied (Cronbach’s alpha = .72), and five items
for avoidant (Cronbach’s alpha = .63).
Items from Young and Bippus (2001) were used to measure the degree of hurt
experienced, and items from Vangelisti and Young (2000) were used to measure the frequency


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