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Have women journalists in Israel really integrated into the profession?
Unformatted Document Text:  11 According to Gallagher, the internal segregation in the kinds of tasks men and women journalists accomplish hurts women’s chances of promotion compared to men’s. This is because the kinds of skills needed to accomplish women’s tasks are not sufficiently valued. According to Gallagher, this is one of the reasons for the salary gap: since women’s accomplishments are less valued, they are also less rewarded by comparison to men’s 33 . The extent of segregation that was found in different areas of reporting indicates that even though women have, indeed, integrated into the Israeli press, there is still a clear distinction of work by sex. According to Herzog, the distinction between the private sphere and the public sphere contains a hierarchic meaning by which the significant issues are carried out in the public sphere and the insignificant issues are carried out in the private sphere. This distinction is an ideological-political one, which excludes women from the power core 34 . This high level of segregation in the Israeli press is not surprising, since the overall Israeli job market has suffered from a stable and significant level of segregation during the 1990s. Vertical and horizontal segregation also exist in other professions in Israel, such as education, academia and medicine 35 . It can be seen then, that while the print media in Israel were going through a process of feminization, there was also a process of internal sex segregation, both horizontally and vertically, with men holding positions of power from which women are excluded. Even so, it is important to note that the study findings do not indicate that there is a complete gender separation, as there are no positions or areas of reporting that are exclusively considered female or male dominated. Furthermore, due to the lack of systematic data from previous years, it is difficult to trace a trend over time.

Authors: Lachover, Einat.
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11
According to Gallagher, the internal segregation in the kinds of tasks men and women
journalists accomplish hurts women’s chances of promotion compared to men’s. This is
because the kinds of skills needed to accomplish women’s tasks are not sufficiently
valued. According to Gallagher, this is one of the reasons for the salary gap: since
women’s accomplishments are less valued, they are also less rewarded by comparison to
men’s
33
.
The extent of segregation that was found in different areas of reporting indicates that
even though women have, indeed, integrated into the Israeli press, there is still a clear
distinction of work by sex. According to Herzog, the distinction between the private
sphere and the public sphere contains a hierarchic meaning by which the significant
issues are carried out in the public sphere and the insignificant issues are carried out in
the private sphere. This distinction is an ideological-political one, which excludes
women from the power core
34
.
This high level of segregation in the Israeli press is not surprising, since the overall
Israeli job market has suffered from a stable and significant level of segregation during
the 1990s. Vertical and horizontal segregation also exist in other professions in Israel,
such as education, academia and medicine
35
.
It can be seen then, that while the print media in Israel were going through a
process of feminization, there was also a process of internal sex segregation, both
horizontally and vertically, with men holding positions of power from which women
are excluded. Even so, it is important to note that the study findings do not indicate
that there is a complete gender separation, as there are no positions or areas of
reporting that are exclusively considered female or male dominated. Furthermore, due
to the lack of systematic data from previous years, it is difficult to trace a trend over
time.


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