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Have women journalists in Israel really integrated into the profession?
Unformatted Document Text:  12 Attitudes of journalists. Studies on women journalists show that one of the main barriers to success in journalism women journalists experience is the attitude of male colleagues and decision-makers toward them 36 . Empirical evidence for this comes from a number of different countries 37 . However this aspect has not yet been studied in Israel. Following the finding that there is high internal sex segregation in the Israeli press, it might have been expected that Israeli women journalists would define journalism as a profession lacking equality. Surprisingly, most female journalists perceive it as an egalitarian profession and think the organization they work for is egalitarian. For example, more than half of the women journalists surveyed claimed that women and men enjoy equal opportunities in their newsroom, with respect to: salary (53%), promotion (56%) and receiving an important assignment (69%). An even higher percentage of women journalists (58%-95%) claimed they had not personally experienced sex discrimination (in matters of hiring, salary, promotion and receiving an important assignment). This phenomenon, in which people tend to report on general discrimination but avoid reporting cases of personal discrimination, is well known 38 . Furthermore, 49%-82% of the women journalists and 77%-85% of the men journalists report equal treatment of different groups in the organization (men and women managers and men and women co-workers). As was expected, a significant gender difference was found with women journalists claiming that there are less egalitarian attitudes expressed by the different groups in the organization (men and women managers and men and women co-workers). 39 The in-depth interviews conducted in this study with men and women journalists strengthen the survey results: the main attitude that emerges is that the profession of journalism is perceived as being egalitarian, although there is another more critical

Authors: Lachover, Einat.
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12
Attitudes of journalists. Studies on women journalists show that one of the main
barriers to success in journalism women journalists experience is the attitude of male
colleagues and decision-makers toward them
36
. Empirical evidence for this comes
from a number of different countries
37
. However this aspect has not yet been studied
in Israel.
Following the finding that there is high internal sex segregation in the Israeli press,
it might have been expected that Israeli women journalists would define journalism as
a profession lacking equality. Surprisingly, most female journalists perceive it as an
egalitarian profession and think the organization they work for is egalitarian. For
example, more than half of the women journalists surveyed claimed that women and
men enjoy equal opportunities in their newsroom, with respect to: salary (53%),
promotion (56%) and receiving an important assignment (69%). An even higher
percentage of women journalists (58%-95%) claimed they had not personally
experienced sex discrimination (in matters of hiring, salary, promotion and receiving
an important assignment). This phenomenon, in which people tend to report on
general discrimination but avoid reporting cases of personal discrimination, is well
known
38
. Furthermore, 49%-82% of the women journalists and 77%-85% of the men
journalists report equal treatment of different groups in the organization (men and
women managers and men and women co-workers). As was expected, a significant
gender difference was found with women journalists claiming that there are less
egalitarian attitudes expressed by the different groups in the organization (men and
women managers and men and women co-workers).
39
The in-depth interviews conducted in this study with men and women journalists
strengthen the survey results: the main attitude that emerges is that the profession of
journalism is perceived as being egalitarian, although there is another more critical


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