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Have women journalists in Israel really integrated into the profession?
Unformatted Document Text:  14 despite the inequality in the field, reflects a lack of feminist consciousness towards both the status of women in general, and women journalists in particular. This is also seen in their lack of activity on behalf of women in the organization, specifically, or more generally in the overall profession. By contrast, American women in the media industry were among the first to join the American women’s movement that emerged in the 1960s. By the 1970s, women in the media in North America and Europe, and later on all over the world, established organizations to promote their interests as a group 47 . However, in Israel, there were never formal or informal initiatives to build an organization of women journalists. A third explanation derives from the characteristics of journalism as a profession. The obstacles women journalists come up against are not structural or formal. They are invisible and therefore difficult to identify. In Israel, recruitment to the profession is not formal and promotion within it is not structural. Furthermore, the salary system is primarily based on personal and confidential contracts. Consequently, women journalists have found it difficult to illustrate the discrimination˜from which they or their friends have suffered from. The last explanation, which is also based on the characteristics of the profession, is that in Israel, as in other countries, women in television are prominent as reporters (in specific reporting areas) and primarily as newscasters. The participation of women in highly visible roles maintains a falsely positive impression of women’s condition in the entire journalistic field 48 . Despite the general attitude that advocates equality, the interviewees also supported the gendered differences that were found in the survey. Men journalists embraced the attitude to equality almost to a man, while women journalists presented

Authors: Lachover, Einat.
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despite the inequality in the field, reflects a lack of feminist consciousness towards
both the status of women in general, and women journalists in particular. This is also
seen in their lack of activity on behalf of women in the organization, specifically, or
more generally in the overall profession. By contrast, American women in the media
industry were among the first to join the American women’s movement that emerged
in the 1960s. By the 1970s, women in the media in North America and Europe, and
later on all over the world, established organizations to promote their interests as a
group
47
. However, in Israel, there were never formal or informal initiatives to build an
organization of women journalists.
A third explanation derives from the characteristics of journalism as a profession.
The obstacles women journalists come up against are not structural or formal. They
are invisible and therefore difficult to identify. In Israel, recruitment to the profession
is not formal and promotion within it is not structural. Furthermore, the salary system
is primarily based on personal and confidential contracts. Consequently, women
journalists have found it difficult to illustrate the discrimination˜from which they or
their friends have suffered from.
The last explanation, which is also based on the characteristics of the profession, is
that in Israel, as in other countries, women in television are prominent as reporters (in
specific reporting areas) and primarily as newscasters. The participation of women in
highly visible roles maintains a falsely positive impression of women’s condition in
the entire journalistic field
48
.
Despite the general attitude that advocates equality, the interviewees also
supported the gendered differences that were found in the survey. Men journalists
embraced the attitude to equality almost to a man, while women journalists presented


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