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Have women journalists in Israel really integrated into the profession?
Unformatted Document Text:  17 segregation with respect to roles and to fields of writing, with implications for salaries. In other words, there is some way for women journalists to break through the “glass walls” 50 , but the “glass ceiling” is impenetrable. Evidence for that is the fact that since 1974 no woman has been appointed chief editor of a daily newspaper in Israel. Finally, it is important to note that when women entered the profession, it had already lost some of its attractiveness for men, because of the deterioration in the employment conditions. Additionally, all over the world, the entrance of women into journalism usually caused a decline in the profession's prestige 51 ˜a process which is recognized in other professions as well 52 . A feminized profession is linked to “feminine” definitions of quality which decreases the attractiveness of the profession for men 53 . Because of the internal gendered segregation that was found in the study, it might have been expected that women journalists would define journalism as an unequal profession. Surprisingly, most of them perceived it as being an equal opportunity profession and considered the organization they worked for to be one that fostered equality. The most noteworthy explanation for this finding is that many women journalists, and most men in the field, attributed inequality to internal barriers women placed before them. According to this attitude, women who want to advance can do so without any difficulty. As Dafna, a senior journalist in a daily newspaper said: I really think women who work in journalism just need to make this decision. To make the switch by themselves, not to wait, because I don’t think there is any opposition to this…. [Journalism] is a place in which you should take. […] you just need to take, it’s not so difficult. This kind of claim raised by women journalists themselves is not new 54 and it is often expressed in an attempt to explain the under-representation of women in senior positions in the labor market. Israeli feminist researchers and activists refuse to accept this claim. For example, Izraeli criticizes it because of the preconception that

Authors: Lachover, Einat.
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17
segregation with respect to roles and to fields of writing, with implications for
salaries. In other words, there is some way for women journalists to break through the
“glass walls”
50
, but the “glass ceiling” is impenetrable. Evidence for that is the fact
that since 1974 no woman has been appointed chief editor of a daily newspaper in
Israel.
Finally, it is important to note that when women entered the profession, it had
already lost some of its attractiveness for men, because of the deterioration in the
employment conditions. Additionally, all over the world, the entrance of women into
journalism usually caused a decline in the profession's prestige
51
˜a process which is
recognized in other professions as well
52
. A feminized profession is linked to
“feminine” definitions of quality which decreases the attractiveness of the profession
for men
53
.
Because of the internal gendered segregation that was found in the study, it might
have been expected that women journalists would define journalism as an unequal
profession. Surprisingly, most of them perceived it as being an equal opportunity
profession and considered the organization they worked for to be one that fostered
equality. The most noteworthy explanation for this finding is that many women
journalists, and most men in the field, attributed inequality to internal barriers women
placed before them. According to this attitude, women who want to advance can do so
without any difficulty. As Dafna, a senior journalist in a daily newspaper said:
I really think women who work in journalism just need to make this decision. To make the
switch by themselves, not to wait, because I don’t think there is any opposition to this….
[Journalism] is a place in which you should take. […] you just need to take, it’s not so
difficult.
This kind of claim raised by women journalists themselves is not new
54
and it is
often expressed in an attempt to explain the under-representation of women in senior
positions in the labor market. Israeli feminist researchers and activists refuse to
accept this claim. For example, Izraeli criticizes it because of the preconception that


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