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Have women journalists in Israel really integrated into the profession?
Unformatted Document Text:  8 TABLE 1 Proportion of women and men in different journalistic jobs* Proportion of women/men (%) Journalistic jobs Women Men Rewriters (n=28) 64 36 Reporters (n=247) 45 55 Editors (n=148) 33 67 Columnists (n=47) 23 77 Total (N=470) 40 60 *The survey data is based on the interviewees’ answers, while the percentage of the share of women journalists is based on data of the newsrooms of the research newspapers (the population list). Because the proportion of women who answered the questionnaire is a bit higher than that of the men journalists who responded, the proportion of women in the survey population is 40%, although the overall rate of women is 37%. It should be noted that in 1974 three women served as chief editors of daily newspapers in Israel. Hence the year 1974 is considered to have been a turning point in women’s roles and positions in the Israeli press 26 . Looking back at those years, the uniqueness of 1974 seems even more apparent, but it was by no means a turning point, since, after more than two decades no other woman has ever been appointed to the job. Women do not hold executive positions in daily newspapers either, but they do serve in chief editorial positions in the local weeklies, although even there they remain a minority. The inferior status of women is also expressed in the significant gender difference found in the extent of supervision over other employees: men are more likely than women to be responsible for other employees (71% compared to 59%) ( χ 2 =6.751; df=1; p<0.01). Salary Gap. The main consequence of the gender segregation in the labor market is the economic status of women, which has been a common factor among different countries during the 1990s 27 . Women’s jobs are less rewarded then men’s 28 . Therefore,

Authors: Lachover, Einat.
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8
TABLE 1
Proportion of women and men in different journalistic jobs*
Proportion of women/men (%)
Journalistic jobs
Women
Men
Rewriters (n=28)
64
36
Reporters (n=247)
45
55
Editors (n=148)
33
67
Columnists (n=47)
23
77
Total (N=470)
40
60
*The survey data is based on the interviewees’ answers, while the percentage of the share of women journalists is
based on data of the newsrooms of the research newspapers (the population list). Because the proportion of women
who answered the questionnaire is a bit higher than that of the men journalists who responded, the proportion of
women in the survey population is 40%, although the overall rate of women is 37%.
It should be noted that in 1974 three women served as chief editors of daily
newspapers in Israel. Hence the year 1974 is considered to have been a turning point
in women’s roles and positions in the Israeli press
26
. Looking back at those years, the
uniqueness of 1974 seems even more apparent, but it was by no means a turning
point, since, after more than two decades no other woman has ever been appointed to
the job. Women do not hold executive positions in daily newspapers either, but they
do serve in chief editorial positions in the local weeklies, although even there they
remain a minority.
The inferior status of women is also expressed in the significant gender difference
found in the extent of supervision over other employees: men are more likely than
women to be responsible for other employees (71% compared to 59%) (
χ
2
=6.751; df=1;
p<0.01).
Salary Gap. The main consequence of the gender segregation in the labor market is
the economic status of women, which has been a common factor among different
countries during the 1990s
27
. Women’s jobs are less rewarded then men’s
28
. Therefore,


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