All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

'Three Represents' and China's Youth: Using the Internet to Manage Social Change
Unformatted Document Text:  5 targeting lower level administrators on university campuses over living costs and conditions. They had clearly learnt a valuable lesson on what are the parameters of self-expression in modern Chinese society. Others struggled to maintain their intellectual values in the face of dominating materialism, some resorting to more mocking and self-denying cynicism, while others became engulfed in a hedonistic lifestyle. Others, still, moved their attention to forging functionalist identities that absorbed and mobilized western values into their foundational Confucian values. Research (Weber, 2001) on youth in Shanghai two years after the launch of the ‘spiritual culture’ campaign indicated that youth were attempting to pragmatically balance their collectivist values with individualistic values in relation to business, career and social activities. The defining element in this process was how these values were fostered within particular social settings (Weber, 2001, p. 44). These findings, to some extent, support early conclusions that the philosophy behind the Government's 'spiritual culture’ initiative, that of value fusion, had begun to take hold among urban youth. Jiang's ‘spiritual culture’ campaign was designed to support economic reforms by promoting Chinese culture (Confucian values) and socialist ethics, while drawing out the beneficial aspects of western business and commerce (entrepreneurship and competitive spirit). The discourse of spiritual culture re-emphasized the essential national character; the importance of tradition, culture, and family; ritual issues; and the subtle demonizing of the West as immoral and decadent (McLaren, 1998, p. 200). Thus, spiritual culture revived Confucianism as ‘good medicine’ to treat the ‘crisis of morality’ that has been attributed to the unforeseen consequences of Deng Xiaoping’s market reforms (Reed, 1995, p. 53). Jiang urged that: New educational materials should be produced ... that imbued young people with a renewed belief in socialism and anti-imperialism ... “They would be meant to heighten the national self-respect and confidence of the Chinese people, especially the young and to help them guard against worshipping and blindly trusting all things foreign” (Gilley, 1998, p. 272). This strategy was a significant departure from previous directions in China, particularly that of Mao Zedong who had condemned the hold Confucian values had over the people and how it prevented China from truly embracing Marxist teachings. However, Jiang considers the revival of traditional values necessary for balancing the emergence of materialist culture of modern economic China with

Authors: Weber, Ian.
first   previous   Page 6 of 19   next   last



background image
5
targeting lower level administrators on university campuses over living costs and conditions. They
had clearly learnt a valuable lesson on what are the parameters of self-expression in modern Chinese
society. Others struggled to maintain their intellectual values in the face of dominating materialism,
some resorting to more mocking and self-denying cynicism, while others became engulfed in a
hedonistic lifestyle. Others, still, moved their attention to forging functionalist identities that
absorbed and mobilized western values into their foundational Confucian values. Research (Weber,
2001) on youth in Shanghai two years after the launch of the ‘spiritual culture’ campaign indicated
that youth were attempting to pragmatically balance their collectivist values with individualistic values
in relation to business, career and social activities. The defining element in this process was how
these values were fostered within particular social settings (Weber, 2001, p. 44). These findings, to
some extent, support early conclusions that the philosophy behind the Government's 'spiritual
culture’ initiative, that of value fusion, had begun to take hold among urban youth.
Jiang's ‘spiritual culture’ campaign was designed to support economic reforms by promoting
Chinese culture (Confucian values) and socialist ethics, while drawing out the beneficial aspects of
western business and commerce (entrepreneurship and competitive spirit). The discourse of spiritual
culture re-emphasized the essential national character; the importance of tradition, culture, and
family; ritual issues; and the subtle demonizing of the West as immoral and decadent (McLaren, 1998,
p. 200). Thus, spiritual culture revived Confucianism as ‘good medicine’ to treat the ‘crisis of
morality’ that has been attributed to the unforeseen consequences of Deng Xiaoping’s market
reforms (Reed, 1995, p. 53). Jiang urged that:
New educational materials should be produced ... that imbued young people with a renewed
belief in socialism and anti-imperialism ... “They would be meant to heighten the national
self-respect and confidence of the Chinese people, especially the young and to help them
guard against worshipping and blindly trusting all things foreign” (Gilley, 1998, p. 272).
This strategy was a significant departure from previous directions in China, particularly that of Mao
Zedong who had condemned the hold Confucian values had over the people and how it prevented
China from truly embracing Marxist teachings. However, Jiang considers the revival of traditional
values necessary for balancing the emergence of materialist culture of modern economic China with


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 6 of 19   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.