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Home is Where You Serve: Globalization and Nationalism in Korean Popular Music
Unformatted Document Text:  17 ceremonies act like batteries which store and recharge the sense of community. Only by going through common passage of rites that are sometimes painful, individuals are identified as members of a certain community. Yoo was reportedly trying to escape from the communal pain—military service—by utilizing his ability to mobile between two countries. What the public wanted him to become, however, was a pilgrimage, not a tourist. REBORN NATIONALISM: WHO’S AFRAID OF OTHERS? National cultures are a distinctively modern form. National cultures are composed not only of cultural institutions, but also of symbols and representations. A national culture is a discourse—a way of constructing meanings which influences and organized both our actions and our conceptions (Hall, 1996b). Then how is modern nation imagined? What representational strategies are deployed to construct our views of national belonging or identity? Hall (1996a: 613) provides us with five common strategies adopted by modern nation-states in defining national identity: 1) narrative of the nation, 2) emphasis on origins, continuity, tradition, and timelessness, 3) the invention of tradition, 4) foundational myth, and 5) idea of a pure, original people or folk. Ironically, these strategies are strengthened because of the globalization and resulting crisis of identity. The possible consequences of globalization on identity, according to Hall, are discussed from three different perspectives: 1) national identities are being eroded as a result of the growth of cultural homogenization and the global post-modern, 2) national and other local or particularistic identities are being strengthened by the resistance to globalization, and 3) national identities are declining but new identities of

Authors: Lee, Hee-Eun.
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17
ceremonies act like batteries which store and recharge the sense of community. Only by
going through common passage of rites that are sometimes painful, individuals are
identified as members of a certain community. Yoo was reportedly trying to escape from
the communal pain—military service—by utilizing his ability to mobile between two
countries. What the public wanted him to become, however, was a pilgrimage, not a
tourist.
REBORN NATIONALISM: WHO’S AFRAID OF OTHERS?
National cultures are a distinctively modern form. National cultures are composed
not only of cultural institutions, but also of symbols and representations. A national
culture is a discourse—a way of constructing meanings which influences and organized
both our actions and our conceptions (Hall, 1996b). Then how is modern nation
imagined? What representational strategies are deployed to construct our views of
national belonging or identity? Hall (1996a: 613) provides us with five common
strategies adopted by modern nation-states in defining national identity: 1) narrative of
the nation, 2) emphasis on origins, continuity, tradition, and timelessness, 3) the
invention of tradition, 4) foundational myth, and 5) idea of a pure, original people or folk.
Ironically, these strategies are strengthened because of the globalization and resulting
crisis of identity. The possible consequences of globalization on identity, according to
Hall, are discussed from three different perspectives: 1) national identities are being
eroded as a result of the growth of cultural homogenization and the global post-modern,
2) national and other local or particularistic identities are being strengthened by the
resistance to globalization, and 3) national identities are declining but new identities of


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