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Examining the Correlates of Physical Activity for Whites, Blacks and Hispanics in a National Sample: The Role of Demographics, Social Connections and Self-Efficacy
Unformatted Document Text:  11 self-efficacy, White ( = 0.04) and Hispanic females ( = 0.24) had higher score than males. In contrast, African American men had higher self-efficacy than females ( = -0.17). White males also had a higher level of physical activity than their female counterparts ( = -0.08). In general, age had a positive direct influence on self-efficacy for Whites ( = 0.24), Blacks ( = 0.19) and Hispanics ( = 0.15). Younger Blacks had better social connections than older ones ( = -0.19). Income influenced social connections among Whites ( = 0.13) and Hispanics ( = 0.31): The higher the income, the more socially connected. Among African Americans, higher income had a direct influence on self-efficacy feelings for African Americans ( = 0.17) but not for Caucasians or Hispanics. Higher income predicted greater physical activity only for Whites ( = 0.07). Increasing education was a significant predictor for wider social connection ( = 0.13), greater self-efficacy ( = 0.15) and more physical activity ( = 0.15) for Whites. While education predicted only physical activity for Blacks ( = 0.12), education predicted both self-efficacy ( = 0.21) and physical activity ( = 0.20) for Hispanics. Across all groups -- Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics – greater social connection predicted more physical activity (Whites, = 0.26; Blacks, = 0.66; Hispanics, = 0.30). Among Caucasians, self-efficacy predicted social connection ( = 0.18) and physical activity ( = 0.06). But among Blacks, self-efficacy predicted only social connections ( = 0.17), not the levels of physical activity.

Authors: Siu, Wanda. and Doyle, Kenneth.
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self-efficacy, White ( = 0.04) and Hispanic females ( = 0.24) had higher score than males.
In contrast, African American men had higher self-efficacy than females ( = -0.17). White
males also had a higher level of physical activity than their female counterparts ( = -0.08).
In general, age had a positive direct influence on self-efficacy for Whites (
= 0.24),
Blacks ( = 0.19) and Hispanics ( = 0.15). Younger Blacks had better social connections
than older ones ( = -0.19). Income influenced social connections among Whites ( = 0.13)
and Hispanics ( = 0.31): The higher the income, the more socially connected. Among
African Americans, higher income had a direct influence on self-efficacy feelings for African
Americans ( = 0.17) but not for Caucasians or Hispanics. Higher income predicted greater
physical activity only for Whites ( = 0.07). Increasing education was a significant predictor
for wider social connection ( = 0.13), greater self-efficacy ( = 0.15) and more physical
activity ( = 0.15) for Whites. While education predicted only physical activity for Blacks (
= 0.12), education predicted both self-efficacy ( = 0.21) and physical activity ( = 0.20) for
Hispanics.
Across all groups -- Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics – greater social connection predicted
more physical activity (Whites, = 0.26; Blacks, = 0.66; Hispanics, = 0.30). Among
Caucasians, self-efficacy predicted social connection (
= 0.18) and physical activity ( =
0.06). But among Blacks, self-efficacy predicted only social connections ( = 0.17), not the
levels of physical activity.


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