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Examining the Correlates of Physical Activity for Whites, Blacks and Hispanics in a National Sample: The Role of Demographics, Social Connections and Self-Efficacy
Unformatted Document Text:  13 exercise more. However, there was no indirect path of age via either social connections or self-efficacy on physical activity. That is, neither social connections nor feelings of self-efficacy have any bearing on the connection between age and physical activity among Hispanics. For Whites and Hispanics, social connections mediated the influence of income on physical activity (Whites, = 0.0338; Hispanics, = 0.1116). Higher income is associated with better social connections, which in turn lead to regular exercise. Self-efficacy mediated the influence of age and social connection on physical activity for Whites (Age efficacy connections activity, with = 0.011232). Education had two significant indirect paths to physical activity, via social connections ( = 0.0338) and self-efficacy ( = 0.009), respectively, for Caucasians. Educated Caucasians have better social connections and higher self-efficacy, which are associated with higher levels of physical activity. In short, there are variations among the races in the relationship among social connections, self-efficacy and physical activity. Among Whites, both self-efficacy and social connections mediate the influence of demographics on physical activity. That is, Caucasian females are more socially connected, have a greater sense of control of their lives and exercise more regularly. Although self-efficacy does not have a direct effect on social connection and physical activity for Hispanics, social connections mediate the influence of gender and income on physical activity (gender social connections physical activity;

Authors: Siu, Wanda. and Doyle, Kenneth.
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exercise more. However, there was no indirect path of age via either social connections or
self-efficacy on physical activity. That is, neither social connections nor feelings of
self-efficacy have any bearing on the connection between age and physical activity among
Hispanics.
For Whites and Hispanics, social connections mediated the influence of income on
physical activity (Whites, = 0.0338; Hispanics, = 0.1116). Higher income is associated
with better social connections, which in turn lead to regular exercise. Self-efficacy mediated
the influence of age and social connection on physical activity for Whites
(Age
efficacy connections activity, with = 0.011232). Education had two significant
indirect paths to physical activity, via social connections ( = 0.0338) and self-efficacy ( =
0.009), respectively, for Caucasians. Educated Caucasians have better social connections and
higher self-efficacy, which are associated with higher levels of physical activity.
In short, there are variations among the races in the relationship among social
connections, self-efficacy and physical activity. Among Whites, both self-efficacy and social
connections mediate the influence of demographics on physical activity. That is, Caucasian
females are more socially connected, have a greater sense of control of their lives and
exercise more regularly. Although self-efficacy does not have a direct effect on social
connection and physical activity for Hispanics, social connections mediate the influence of
gender and income on physical activity (gender
social connections physical activity;


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