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Examining the Correlates of Physical Activity for Whites, Blacks and Hispanics in a National Sample: The Role of Demographics, Social Connections and Self-Efficacy
Unformatted Document Text:  25 Table 5. Structural model: Direct Effects of Exogenous Variables on Endogenous Variables across Races Race/ Whites Blacks Hispanics Direct effectsEx1 End1 -.19 (SE: .11; t: -7.52) -.16 (SE: .27, t: -2.10) -.22 (SE: .4; t: -2.56) Ex1 End2 .04 (SE: .14; t: 1.51) -.17 (SE: .56; t: -2.64) .24 (SE: .34; t: 2.30) Ex1 End3 -.08 (SE: .32; t: -3.63) --- --- Ex2 End1 --- -.19 (SE: .03; t: -2.59) --- Ex2 End2 .24 (SE: .02; t: 9.83) .19 (SE: .06; t: 2.85) .15 (SE: .04; t: 1.86) Ex2 End3 --- ---- --- Ex3 End1 .13 (SE: .00; t: 4.97) --- .31 (SE: .01; t: 3.39) Ex3 End2 --- .17 (SE: .02; t: 2.49) --- Ex3 End3 .07 (SE: .01; t: 2.90) ---- ---- Ex4 End1 .13 (SE: .02; t: 5.08) ---- ---- Ex4 End2 .15 (SE: .03; t: 5.84) --- .21 (SE: .05; t: 2.09) Ex4 End3 .15 (SE: .06; t: 6.23) .12 (SE: .12; t: 1.73) .20 (SE: .16; t: 3.03) Direct effects of Whites Blacks Hispanics endogenous variablesEnd1 End3 .26 (SE: .10; t: 8.16) .66 (SE:.38; t: 5.24) .30 (SE: .39; t: 3.05) End2 End1 .18 (SE: .02; t: 6.01) .17 (SE: .04; t: 1.89) ---- End2 End3 .06 (SE: .06; t: 2.52) ---- ---- Ex1, gender; Ex2, age; Ex3, income; Ex4, Education; End1, social connections; End2, self-efficacy; End3, physical activity. Exogenous variables are independent variables in the model that affect endogenous variables, which are dependent variables in the model. Entries are beta coefficients with t-value and standard errors of estimate. Entries are beta coefficients showing the effect of endogenous variables on endogenous variables.

Authors: Siu, Wanda. and Doyle, Kenneth.
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25
Table 5. Structural model: Direct Effects of Exogenous Variables on Endogenous Variables across Races
Race/
Whites
Blacks
Hispanics
Direct effects
Ex1
End1
-.19 (SE: .11; t: -7.52)
-.16 (SE: .27, t: -2.10)
-.22 (SE: .4; t: -2.56)
Ex1
End2
.04 (SE: .14; t: 1.51)
-.17 (SE: .56; t: -2.64)
.24 (SE: .34; t: 2.30)
Ex1
End3
-.08 (SE: .32; t: -3.63)
---
---
Ex2
End1
---
-.19 (SE: .03; t: -2.59)
---
Ex2
End2
.24 (SE: .02; t: 9.83)
.19 (SE: .06; t: 2.85)
.15 (SE: .04; t: 1.86)
Ex2
End3
---
----
---
Ex3
End1
.13 (SE: .00; t: 4.97)
---
.31 (SE: .01; t: 3.39)
Ex3
End2
---
.17 (SE: .02; t: 2.49)
---
Ex3
End3
.07 (SE: .01; t: 2.90)
----
----
Ex4
End1
.13 (SE: .02; t: 5.08)
----
----
Ex4
End2
.15 (SE: .03; t: 5.84)
---
.21 (SE: .05; t: 2.09)
Ex4
End3
.15 (SE: .06; t: 6.23)
.12 (SE: .12; t: 1.73)
.20 (SE: .16; t: 3.03)
Direct effects of
Whites
Blacks
Hispanics
endogenous variables
End1
End3
.26 (SE: .10; t: 8.16)
.66 (SE:.38; t: 5.24)
.30 (SE: .39; t: 3.05)
End2
End1
.18 (SE: .02; t: 6.01)
.17 (SE: .04; t: 1.89)
----
End2
End3
.06 (SE: .06; t: 2.52)
----
----
Ex1, gender; Ex2, age; Ex3, income; Ex4, Education; End1, social connections; End2, self-efficacy; End3, physical activity.
Exogenous variables are independent variables in the model that affect endogenous variables, which are dependent variables in the model. Entries are beta
coefficients with t-value and standard errors of estimate. Entries are beta coefficients showing the effect of endogenous variables on endogenous variables.


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