All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Examining the Correlates of Physical Activity for Whites, Blacks and Hispanics in a National Sample: The Role of Demographics, Social Connections and Self-Efficacy
Unformatted Document Text:  4 with less access to amenities, and were more likely to report being in poor health (Anderson et al., 1995). Apart from demographic factors, what are other factors that give insight into exercise participation? Current theoretical models such as the health belief model, protection motivation theory, theory of reasoned action, and theory of planned behaviour posit a motivational and attitudinal component to behavioral change (Maibach & Murphy, 1995). Self efficacy is an important construct in protection motivation theory. People’s intention to carry out a course of action, such as health preventive behavior, is contingent upon their perceived self-efficacy and response efficacy (whether the health behavior is effective in achieving a desired outcome, such as reducing the risk of heart attack). Similarly, the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior posit that attitude toward behavior and subjective norms affect people’s behavioral intention. Subjective norms concerns individual’s perception of how significant others (friends and family, etc.) would react to their behavior (e.g., regular exercise). In general, social influence, in the context of subjective norm, as well as personal attitude and cognition, are important predictors of whether individuals will perform a certain behavior. Empirical research on the relationship between social cognition and health behavior found that social support and self-efficacy go together in exercise participation. Social cognitive theory suggests that people with higher self-efficacy are more likely to undertake

Authors: Siu, Wanda. and Doyle, Kenneth.
first   previous   Page 4 of 26   next   last



background image
4
with less access to amenities, and were more likely to report being in poor health (Anderson
et al., 1995).
Apart from demographic factors, what are other factors that give insight into exercise
participation? Current theoretical models such as the health belief model, protection
motivation theory, theory of reasoned action, and theory of planned behaviour posit a
motivational and attitudinal component to behavioral change (Maibach & Murphy, 1995).
Self efficacy is an important construct in protection motivation theory. People’s intention to
carry out a course of action, such as health preventive behavior, is contingent upon their
perceived self-efficacy and response efficacy (whether the health behavior is effective in
achieving a desired outcome, such as reducing the risk of heart attack). Similarly, the theory
of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior posit that attitude toward behavior and
subjective norms affect people’s behavioral intention. Subjective norms concerns individual’s
perception of how significant others (friends and family, etc.) would react to their behavior
(e.g., regular exercise). In general, social influence, in the context of subjective norm, as well
as personal attitude and cognition, are important predictors of whether individuals will
perform a certain behavior.
Empirical research on the relationship between social cognition and health behavior
found that social support and self-efficacy go together in exercise participation. Social
cognitive theory suggests that people with higher self-efficacy are more likely to undertake


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 4 of 26   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.