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Relationship Orientation, Jealousy, and Equity: An Examination of Jealousy Evoking and Positive Communicative Responses
Unformatted Document Text:  Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 11 RQ1: Will gender have an effect on attempts to evoke jealousy? RQ2: Does gender have an effect on the use of positive communicative behaviors in response to feeling jealousy? RQ3: Does exchange orientation affect positive responses to feeling jealous? RQ4: Does communal orientation affect positive responses to feeling jealous? Method Participants Participants of this study were 235 undergraduates at a large Mid-Atlantic university (117 women, 118 men). Participants were enrolled in a large undergraduate Communication Studies class. The mean age for participants was 19.52 (SD=1.12). When asked have they ever tried to evoke jealousy from their relational partner 59.6% (140) answered yes. When asked to “list the ways you attempted to make your partner jealous” the mean number of responses was 2.82 (SD=1.80). Procedure Participants completed a questionnaire packet assembled to determine the relationship between the variables of relational orientation and jealousy. Participants were asked to respond to the questionnaires in reference to an intimate relationship they were currently involved with or the last intimate relationship they were in. Participants completed the questionnaires in class and received minimal course credit. Measures Communal orientation was measured using the Clark et al. (1987) Communal Orientation Scale. The scale is a 14-item (e.g. “It bothers me when people neglect my needs, I often go out of my way to help another person) measurement with responses ranging from (1) Extremely

Authors: Cayanus, Jacob. and Booth-Butterfield, Melanie.
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Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 11
RQ1: Will gender have an effect on attempts to evoke jealousy?
RQ2: Does gender have an effect on the use of positive communicative behaviors in
response to feeling jealousy?
RQ3: Does exchange orientation affect positive responses to feeling jealous?
RQ4: Does communal orientation affect positive responses to feeling jealous?
Method
Participants
Participants of this study were 235 undergraduates at a large Mid-Atlantic university (117
women, 118 men). Participants were enrolled in a large undergraduate Communication Studies
class. The mean age for participants was 19.52 (SD=1.12). When asked have they ever tried to
evoke jealousy from their relational partner 59.6% (140) answered yes. When asked to “list the
ways you attempted to make your partner jealous” the mean number of responses was 2.82
(SD=1.80).
Procedure
Participants completed a questionnaire packet assembled to determine the relationship
between the variables of relational orientation and jealousy. Participants were asked to respond
to the questionnaires in reference to an intimate relationship they were currently involved with or
the last intimate relationship they were in. Participants completed the questionnaires in class and
received minimal course credit.
Measures
Communal orientation was measured using the Clark et al. (1987) Communal Orientation
Scale. The scale is a 14-item (e.g. “It bothers me when people neglect my needs, I often go out
of my way to help another person) measurement with responses ranging from (1) Extremely


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