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Relationship Orientation, Jealousy, and Equity: An Examination of Jealousy Evoking and Positive Communicative Responses
Unformatted Document Text:  Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 20 Research question three addressed the issue of communal orientation, feelings of equity, and attempts to evoke jealousy. A mean-split was used on the scores from the Communal Orientation Scale to identify individuals high (N=88) and low (N=70) in communal orientation. A two-way between-groups analysis of variance was conducted to answer this question. The main effects for communal orientation [F(1,152)=.14, p=.71], equity [F(2,152)=.80, p=.45], and the interaction effect [F(2,152)=.84, p=.43] did not reach statistical significance. Discussion These studies shed light on how decisions to use communication to remediate and elicit jealousy are tied to both exchange and communal orientations in relationships. Evoking jealousy as a strategic communication move warrants further study in romantic relationships, but results from the second study suggest that it is not feelings of equity or having a communal orientation that affect attempts at evoking jealousy. Relational partners high in exchange orientation may be particularly likely to attempt to provoke jealous responses when feeling deprived. However, the results are not entirely congruent with study one. In that study over 80% of people with a high communal orientation had attempted to evoke jealousy at least once in their relationship. In study two no relationship was found between high communal orientation and evoking jealousy. While this may be due in part to differences in measurement techniques, the relationship between exchange orientation and using jealous-evoking communication was retained. Individuals with a high exchange orientation want immediate rewards when something has been given, and intentially creating jealousy may be one way to elicit such rewards. Feelings of equity are related to using positive responses to jealousy in romantic relationships. When people feel equity or overbenefited in a relationship, they tend to respond positively to feeling jealous; e.g., they may recognize that they need to do more work. However,

Authors: Cayanus, Jacob. and Booth-Butterfield, Melanie.
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Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 20
Research question three addressed the issue of communal orientation, feelings of equity,
and attempts to evoke jealousy. A mean-split was used on the scores from the Communal
Orientation Scale to identify individuals high (N=88) and low (N=70) in communal orientation.
A two-way between-groups analysis of variance was conducted to answer this question. The
main effects for communal orientation [F(1,152)=.14, p=.71], equity [F(2,152)=.80, p=.45], and
the interaction effect [F(2,152)=.84, p=.43] did not reach statistical significance.
Discussion
These studies shed light on how decisions to use communication to remediate and elicit
jealousy are tied to both exchange and communal orientations in relationships. Evoking jealousy
as a strategic communication move warrants further study in romantic relationships, but results
from the second study suggest that it is not feelings of equity or having a communal orientation
that affect attempts at evoking jealousy. Relational partners high in exchange orientation may be
particularly likely to attempt to provoke jealous responses when feeling deprived.
However, the results are not entirely congruent with study one. In that study over 80% of
people with a high communal orientation had attempted to evoke jealousy at least once in their
relationship. In study two no relationship was found between high communal orientation and
evoking jealousy. While this may be due in part to differences in measurement techniques, the
relationship between exchange orientation and using jealous-evoking communication was
retained. Individuals with a high exchange orientation want immediate rewards when something
has been given, and intentially creating jealousy may be one way to elicit such rewards.
Feelings of equity are related to using positive responses to jealousy in romantic
relationships. When people feel equity or overbenefited in a relationship, they tend to respond
positively to feeling jealous; e.g., they may recognize that they need to do more work. However,


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