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Relationship Orientation, Jealousy, and Equity: An Examination of Jealousy Evoking and Positive Communicative Responses
Unformatted Document Text:  Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 5 the relationship. For example, Guerrero and Afifi (1998) examined Bryson’s dual motivation model of jealousy (based on self-esteem and relational maintenance roles). Results suggested that individuals highly motivated to maintain self-esteem and maintain their relationships use more integrative communication. Individuals with stronger motivations for relationship maintenance reported using compensatory restoration. Surveillance behavior was associated with high needs for maintenance and low needs for self-esteem. These findings coincide with Pines’ (1992) argument that jealous reactions could function as an emotion intensifier, a relationship protection device, and serve as a sign of commitment. Jealousy could also minimize individuals taking their partners for granted. As Guerrero and Andersen (1998) stated, “Jealousy has always been a two-edged sword-an expression of love on the one hand, of perceived paranoia on the other; positively valued in some relationships, but distressing in others” (p. 40). Past research on jealousy has focused on responses to the individual experience of jealousy. Although jealousy from a receiver-orientation has been researched extensively, examination of communication strategies aimed at evoking jealousy in order to produce a positive response in relationships has not been examined. Jealous communication can be viewed as positive in terms of showing caring and commitment to the relationship (Pines, 1992), and expression of jealousy has been associated with relational satisfaction (Andersen and Eloy,1995). Intentionally eliciting jealousy could be used as a way to receive a reward or benefit in the relationship – especially when that relationship is not meeding the needs of the partner. High exchange oriented individuals expect direct and comparable reciprocity of rewards. When rewards are not reciprocated, provoking jealousy in one’s partner could be used as a way of attaining those rewards (e.g., more relational talk). High communal oriented individuals are

Authors: Cayanus, Jacob. and Booth-Butterfield, Melanie.
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Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 5
the relationship. For example, Guerrero and Afifi (1998) examined Bryson’s dual motivation
model of jealousy (based on self-esteem and relational maintenance roles). Results suggested
that individuals highly motivated to maintain self-esteem and maintain their relationships use
more integrative communication. Individuals with stronger motivations for relationship
maintenance reported using compensatory restoration. Surveillance behavior was associated
with high needs for maintenance and low needs for self-esteem.
These findings coincide with Pines’ (1992) argument that jealous reactions could
function as an emotion intensifier, a relationship protection device, and serve as a sign of
commitment. Jealousy could also minimize individuals taking their partners for granted. As
Guerrero and Andersen (1998) stated, “Jealousy has always been a two-edged sword-an
expression of love on the one hand, of perceived paranoia on the other; positively valued in some
relationships, but distressing in others” (p. 40).
Past research on jealousy has focused on responses to the individual experience of
jealousy. Although jealousy from a receiver-orientation has been researched extensively,
examination of communication strategies aimed at evoking jealousy in order to produce a
positive response in relationships has not been examined. Jealous communication can be viewed
as positive in terms of showing caring and commitment to the relationship (Pines, 1992), and
expression of jealousy has been associated with relational satisfaction (Andersen and Eloy,1995).
Intentionally eliciting jealousy could be used as a way to receive a reward or benefit in the
relationship – especially when that relationship is not meeding the needs of the partner. High
exchange oriented individuals expect direct and comparable reciprocity of rewards. When
rewards are not reciprocated, provoking jealousy in one’s partner could be used as a way of
attaining those rewards (e.g., more relational talk). High communal oriented individuals are


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