All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Relationship Orientation, Jealousy, and Equity: An Examination of Jealousy Evoking and Positive Communicative Responses
Unformatted Document Text:  Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 7 of benefits received and given in relation to the other. Clark and Mills (1979) hypothesized that individuals receiving a benefit following giving a benefit would become more attracted to the other. Requests for benefits after giving a benefit would also lead to greater attraction. Results suggested that males high in exchange orientation become more attracted to the other individual when reciprocity existed. Females high in exchange orientation developed a greater attraction when a request for a benefit was made by the other after the individual has given a benefit. A request for a benefit without the giving of one led to decreased attraction. Exchange orientation has also been examined within intimate relationships such as marriage. Buunk and VanYperen (1991) studied relational comparisons (comparing inputs from and outputs between spouses), referential comparisons (comparing inputs and outputs with friends of the same gender), exchange orientation, and their relation to satisfaction. Results indicated that men feel more advantaged and women feel deprived in comparison to their spouse, that satisfaction was related to comparisons for both genders but was more pronounced among women, and that people reporting their relationship as equitable had the highest satisfaction, but only for those high in exchange orientation. Satisfaction was not dependent on equity for individuals low in exchange orientation. Buunk et al. (1993) examined exchange orientation with perceived reciprocity, social support, and stress at work. Exchange orientation was expected to moderate perceived reciprocity and negative affect. Results suggested individuals high in exchange orientation had more negative affect with his/her supervisor compared with individuals low in exchange orientation, especially when the individual felt deprived or advantaged. Although this research involved non-intimate relationships, results were consistent with Buunk and VanYperen (1991). Communal Orientation

Authors: Cayanus, Jacob. and Booth-Butterfield, Melanie.
first   previous   Page 7 of 27   next   last



background image
Relationship Orientation and Jealousy 7
of benefits received and given in relation to the other. Clark and Mills (1979) hypothesized that
individuals receiving a benefit following giving a benefit would become more attracted to the
other. Requests for benefits after giving a benefit would also lead to greater attraction. Results
suggested that males high in exchange orientation become more attracted to the other individual
when reciprocity existed. Females high in exchange orientation developed a greater attraction
when a request for a benefit was made by the other after the individual has given a benefit. A
request for a benefit without the giving of one led to decreased attraction.
Exchange orientation has also been examined within intimate relationships such as
marriage. Buunk and VanYperen (1991) studied relational comparisons (comparing inputs from
and outputs between spouses), referential comparisons (comparing inputs and outputs with
friends of the same gender), exchange orientation, and their relation to satisfaction. Results
indicated that men feel more advantaged and women feel deprived in comparison to their spouse,
that satisfaction was related to comparisons for both genders but was more pronounced among
women, and that people reporting their relationship as equitable had the highest satisfaction, but
only for those high in exchange orientation. Satisfaction was not dependent on equity for
individuals low in exchange orientation.
Buunk et al. (1993) examined exchange orientation with perceived reciprocity, social
support, and stress at work. Exchange orientation was expected to moderate perceived
reciprocity and negative affect. Results suggested individuals high in exchange orientation had
more negative affect with his/her supervisor compared with individuals low in exchange
orientation, especially when the individual felt deprived or advantaged. Although this research
involved non-intimate relationships, results were consistent with Buunk and VanYperen (1991).
Communal Orientation


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 7 of 27   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.