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Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns

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Abstract:

This study investigates hostage-taking incidents in regard to identity concerns based on Rogan and Hammer's (1994) three dimensional model of facework. Rogan and Hammer examined the discourses in crisis negotiations, including two non-hostage and one hostage-taking incidents, by coding them into their facework categories. This study tests the applicability of their findings to typical hostage-taking events. Results are inconsistent in a large part with Rogan and Hammer's. This study discovered that participants typically engaged in Neutral Face and Positive Backchannels, while the dominant behaviors in Rogan and Hammer's study were Face-restoration. Attack Other's Face, which Rogan and Hammer did not find, was employed by the participants with significant frequencies. Face-defense behaviors were conducted rather than Face-restoration. Investigation of selection of facework behaviors over time revealed that Attack Other's Face occurred more frequently towards the end of the incidents. Frequencies of facework behaviors are shown in tables.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

face (255), negoti (151), hostag (95), perpetr (85), self (80), facework (80), case (70), restor (65), may (60), behavior (55), attack (54), defend (45), 3 (44), 1 (43), rogan (42), hammer (40), p (39), 2 (39), studi (39), take (37), posit (37),

Author's Keywords:

Hostage Negotiations
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Association:
Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


Citation:
URL: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112046_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ie, Fumiko. "Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112046_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ie, F. , 2003-05-27 "Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112046_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study investigates hostage-taking incidents in regard to identity concerns based on Rogan and Hammer's (1994) three dimensional model of facework. Rogan and Hammer examined the discourses in crisis negotiations, including two non-hostage and one hostage-taking incidents, by coding them into their facework categories. This study tests the applicability of their findings to typical hostage-taking events. Results are inconsistent in a large part with Rogan and Hammer's. This study discovered that participants typically engaged in Neutral Face and Positive Backchannels, while the dominant behaviors in Rogan and Hammer's study were Face-restoration. Attack Other's Face, which Rogan and Hammer did not find, was employed by the participants with significant frequencies. Face-defense behaviors were conducted rather than Face-restoration. Investigation of selection of facework behaviors over time revealed that Attack Other's Face occurred more frequently towards the end of the incidents. Frequencies of facework behaviors are shown in tables.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 32
Word count: 7728
Text sample:
Hostage Negotiations 1 Running head: FACEWORK IN HOSTAGE NEGOTIATIONS Analysis on Hostage Crisis Negotiations With Regard to Identity Concerns Hostage Negotiations 2 Abstract This study investigates hostage-taking incidents with regard to identity concerns based on Rogan and Hammer’s (1994) three dimensional model of facework. Rogan and Hammer examined the discourses in crisis negotiations including two non-hostage and one hostage-taking incidents by coding them into their facework categories. This study tests the applicability of their findings to typical hostage-taking events.
28.92 90 48.65 Attack Self’s Face 8 1.26 5 4.00 3 0.92 0 0.00 Defend Other’s Face 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 Defend Self’s Face 14 2.20 7 5.60 6 1.85 1 0.54 Restore Other’s Face 2 0.31 0 0.00 1 0.31 1 0.54 Restore Self’s Face 15 2.36 1 0.80 9 2.77 5 2.70 Positive Backchannels 52 8.19 25 20.00 23 7.08 4 2.16 Negative Backchannels 15 2.36 3 2.40 9 2.77 3 1.62 Neutral


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